Welcome to the Traditional Tune Archive
The Semantic Index of North American, British and Irish traditional instrumental music with annotation, formerly known as
The Fiddler's Companion.

Featured Tunes

James Morrison

Gipsy Lullaby/Lark in the morningLARK IN THE MORNING. AKA and see "Buachaillín Buí (An)," "House in the Glen (1)," "Western Lilt (A)." Irish, Double Jig. D Major (Brody, Mallinson, Miller & Perron, Moylan, Phillips, Spadaro, Tubridy): D Mixolydian (Mitchell). Standard tuning (fiddle). AAB (Mitchell): AABB (Mitchell, Phillips, Spadaro): ABCC'D (Moylan): AABBCCDD (most versions): AABB'CC'D (Mitchell). See also related tunes (some closely, some more distantly) "Come in the Evening," "Galloway Tom (2)," "Galway Tom (1)," "Galway Town," "Goats' Horn's The)," "Kelso Races (The)," "Little Yellow Boy (The)," "Plowman's Glory," "Spotted Cow (The)," "Thrush's Nest (The)," "Welcome (The)," "Yellow Little Boy (The)." It has also been identified as a variant of "Hills of Glenorchy." The tune, widely and popularly played, has been associated with a variety of titles, finally settling as "Lark in the Morning" among most fiddlers only in the second half of the 20th century. Dublin piper, collector and researcher Seamus Ennis maintained that "Lark in the Morning" was derived from a tune called "Lark's March (The)," as played, for example in a five-part version by Kerry fiddler Padraig O'Keefe. Largely due to the influence of Co. Sligo/New York fiddler James Morrison's 1926 recording (one of the earliest appearances of the "Lark in the Morning" title), the jig has been associated with "Wandering Minstrel (The)" and the two are often played together (as they were by Slibah Luachra source O'Leary). Morrison (1893–1947), nicknamed "The Professor" for his teaching and spectacular command of the violin, was born near the town of Collooney in County Sligo, Ireland, and immigrated to the U.S. in 1915, first settling in Boston, and then in New York City. His recording career began as early as 1921.

Willie Clancy declared he had the tune from his mother, Ellen Killeen, a singer and concertina player from Ennistymon. Martin Mulvihill gives this tune for the longdance The Seige of Ennis. "Lark in the Morning" can be heard in the mid-1990's film The Devil's Own during the house-party scene in honor of Harrison Ford's film daughter's Confirmation. The fiddler is none other than New York's famous late fiddler Paddy Reynolds, shown for an instant. Chicago flute player Kevin Henry, originally from County Sligo, announced from the stage (East Durham, 2005) that the tune was played at 'American Wakes' in Ireland, just prior to a community member's emigration.

Sources for notated versions: accordion player Johnny O'Leary (Sliabh Luachra region of the Cork-Kerry border) [Moylan]; piper Willie Clancy (1918–1973, Miltown Malbay, west Clare) [Mitchell]; New Jersey flute player Mike Rafferty, born in Ballinakill, Co. Galway, in 1926 [Harker].

Printed sources: McDermott (Allan's Irish Fiddler), c. 1920's; No 5, p. 3 (appears as "A Western Lilt"). Breathnach (CRÉ 1), 1963; No. 27. Brody (Fiddler's Fakebook), 1983; p. 164. Harker (300 Tunes from Mike Rafferty), 2005; No. 226, p. 69. Mallinson (100 Essential), 1995; No. 76, p. 33. Martin & Hughes (Ho-ro-gheallaidh), 1990; p. 45. Miller & Perron (Irish Traditional Fiddle Music), 1977; vol. 1, No. 41. Miller & Perron (Irish Traditional Fiddle Music), 2nd Edition, 2006; p. 26. Mitchell (Dance Music of Willie Clancy), 1993; No. 78, p. 74; No. 111, pp. 94–95 & No. 112, p. 95. Moylan (Johnny O'Leary of Sliabh Luachra), 1994; No. 186, pp. 107–108. Mulvihill (1st Collection), 1986; No. 23, p. 123. Phillips (Where's the Crack?), 1989; p. 34. Spadaro (10 Cents a Dance), 1980; p. 23. Tubridy (Irish Traditional Music, vol. 2), 1999; p. 35.

Recorded sources: Canadian Broadcasting Corp. NMAS 1972, Natalie MacMaster – "Fit as a Fiddle" (1993). Columbia 33108-F (78 RPM), James Morrison (1926). Copely DWL-9-617, Jack Wade – "Ceili Music From Ireland. Shanachie Records, Noel Hill – "The Irish Concertina." Danny O'Donnell – "Ón tSean-Am Anall."

LARK IN THE MORNING full annotations and Past Featured Tunes

T:Lark in the Morning
A2A AFA|BGB BAB|def afe|fdB B :|
|:AB|def a2a|baf afe|def afe|fdB BAB|
def a2a | baf a2f | ~g3 ~f3 | edB B :|
|:AB|d2f fef|fef fef|d2f fef|edB BAB|
d2f fef|fef fed  |faf gfe | fdB B :|
|:AB|Add fdd|ede fdB|Add fdd|edB BAF|
Add fdd|ede fed | faf gfe | fdB B :|

Why TTA Who builds the Archive

Although we are not trained musicologists and make no pretense to the profession, we have tried to apply such professional rigors to this Semantic Abc Web as we have internalized through our own formal and informal education.

This demands the gathering of as much information as possible about folk pieces to attempt to trace tune families, determine origins, influences and patterns of aural/oral transmittal, and to study individual and regional styles of performance.
Many musicians, like ourselves, are simply curious about titles, origins, sources and anecdotes regarding the music they play. Who, for example, can resist the urge to know where the title Blowzabella came from or what it means, or speculating on the motivations for naming a perfectly respectable tune Bloody Oul' Hag, is it Tay Ye Want?
Knowing the history of the melody we play, or at least to have a sense of its historical and social context, makes the tune 'present' in the here and now, and enhances our rendering of it.

Andrew Kuntz & Valerio Pelliccioni

Please register as a user to make the most of the many functions of the TTA, and enjoy the many ways that information about traditional tunes can be elicited and combined, from simple to complex situations. Users may make contributions, which, when reviewed by an editor, become part of this community project. Serious user/contributors may become editors through the TTA's autopromotion process, in which quantity and quality of entries allows increased levels of permission to edit and review the entire index.
Above all, the developers wish you joy in the use of the TTA.

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