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Welcome to the Traditional Tune Archive
The Semantic Index of North American, British and Irish traditional instrumental music with annotation, formerly known as
The Fiddler's Companion.

Featured Tunes

Listen to the featured tunes of the weekOLD WOMAN TOSSED UP (IN A BASKET/BLANKET).


English, Morris Dance Tune (6/8 time). England: Dorset, Gloucestershire. D Major (Raven): F Major (Bacon-Bidford, Carlin): G Major (Bacon): G Mixolydian (Bacon): B Flat Major (Bacon-Bidford). Standard tuning (fiddle). AAB (Bacon, Carlin): AABA (Bacon-Bidford): AABB (Raven): AABCBCBC (Bacon-Headington). The title "The Old Woman Tossed Up In a Blanket" is taken from the nursery rhyme and song [Roud 1297] (which is perhaps a nonsense song remnant),

There was an old woman tossed up in a basket
Seventy times as high as the moon.
What she did there I could not but ask it
For in each hand she carried a broom.

“Old woman, old woman, old woman,” said I
“Where are you going to up so high?”
“To sweep the cobwebs from the sky
And you may come with me if you can fly.”

"Old Woman Tossed Up" exists in song and dance versions. As a song, the lyric was early set to the tune of "Lillibulero" (an early version of which appears in in Henry Playford's Musick's Hand-Maid, 1689, as "An Irish Tune") and was a favorite of Oliver Goldsmith's (see also the Scottish "There was a wee wifie rowed up in a blanket").

The four dance versions given are variants of one another. The tune was one of the most popular among Cotswold morris dancers, with similar versions collected from the villages of Bidford (Warwickshire), Bledington (Gloucestershire), Longborough (Gloucestershire), Kirtlington (Oxfordshire), Headington (Oxfordshire) and Ilmington (Warwickshire), England. The tune and its variants have gone by other names over the past two hunderd and fifty years, including "Kerry Dance (The)," "St. Patrick's Day (in the Morning)," "Patrick's Day," "Love in a Village," and "Charms of Melody (The)."

OLD WOMAN TOSSED UP full annotations and Past Featured Tunes

T:Old Woman Tossed Up in a Blanket, Headington
d|GAB cBc|edc BAG|cBA  d2c|B>AB G2 ||
d|efg efg|efg afd|d>ed def|gfe  dBG|
GAB cBc|edc BAG|cBA  d2c|B>AB G2 ||
d|g3  c3 |efg B3 |cBA  d2c|B>AB G2 ||

Why TTA Who builds the Archive

Although we are not trained musicologists and make no pretense to the profession, we have tried to apply such professional rigors to this Semantic Abc Web as we have internalized through our own formal and informal education.

This demands the gathering of as much information as possible about folk pieces to attempt to trace tune families, determine origins, influences and patterns of aural/oral transmittal, and to study individual and regional styles of performance.
Many musicians, like ourselves, are simply curious about titles, origins, sources and anecdotes regarding the music they play. Who, for example, can resist the urge to know where the title Blowzabella came from or what it means, or speculating on the motivations for naming a perfectly respectable tune Bloody Oul' Hag, is it Tay Ye Want?
Knowing the history of the melody we play, or at least to have a sense of its historical and social context, makes the tune 'present' in the here and now, and enhances our rendering of it.

Andrew Kuntz & Valerio Pelliccioni

Please register as a user to make the most of the many functions of the TTA, and enjoy the many ways that information about traditional tunes can be elicited and combined, from simple to complex situations. Users may make contributions, which, when reviewed by an editor, become part of this community project. Serious user/contributors may become editors through the TTA's autopromotion process, in which quantity and quality of entries allows increased levels of permission to edit and review the entire index.
Above all, the developers wish you joy in the use of the TTA.

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Help Getting started


Navigation: Registered users can navigate the Traditional Tune Archive for information in a number of ways.

  • Search. The Search function is located at the bottom of the SideBar on the left, and can be used to search the entire index for any key word.
  • Alphabetically by tune title. Under “The Index” on the SideBar on the left is “All Tunes”. Click on “All Tunes” to open up the list of tune titles in the TTA arranged in alphabetical order, 200 titles to a page. At the top of the page is an alphabetical breakdown that serves as a shortcut to pages. Clicking on any title will bring one to the music and tune fields. Once the tune appears, clicking “Tune Discussion” at the bottom of the page (below the notation) will open up the narrative information on the tune.
  • Query the Archive. The “Query the Archive” function under “The Index” in the sidebar can be used to draw down reports from the TTA in either in single items or in a number of combinations. One might, for example, use a single item query to run a report in the TTA for a particular composer/core source. Clicking on the arrow at the right of the bar draws down a list of composer/core sources, or one may be typed in. For example, clicking on “Bill Pigg” and then the “Run Query” tab at the bottom left will result in a list of all compositions listed in the TTA that the Northumbrian piper either composed or is the core source for. Reports may also be run in combinations, as, for example, by selecting “William Marshall” as a composer/core source, “Three Flats” for the number of accidentals, and “Major” for the Key/Mode. This will result in a report of all Eb Major compositions of Scottish fiddler/composer William Marshall that are indexed in the TTA.
  • Drill Down. Cumulative information about TTA entries can be found in the “Drill Down” under “The Index” in the SideBar on the left.
  • Tune Books/Magazines in the TTA can be accessed under “Issues” in the left side bar. These are reproductions of publications for which access has been granted to the TTA by the copyright holder, under the Creative Commons license.