Difference between revisions of "Annotation:Providence Reel"

From The Traditional Tune Archive
Jump to: navigation, search
[checked revision][checked revision]
(Back to {{BASEPAGENAME}}: Rewrote to clarify, and to add some dates.)
Line 2: Line 2:
 
----
 
----
 
<p><font face="garamond, serif" size="4">
 
<p><font face="garamond, serif" size="4">
'''PROVIDENCE REEL.''' AKA – “The Providence.” AKA and see "[[Rossport Reel (The)]]," "[[Cooney's Reel]]." Irish, Reel. D Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB (Cranitch, Mallinson, Miller & Perron): AA'BB' (Alewine). The title “Providence Reel” honors Providence, Rhode Island. “Providence Reel” is said to be a composition of fiddler John McGrath (1900–1955), who named it "The Rossport Reel" after his birthplace, Rossport in County Mayo (Taylor, 1992, whose information seems to come from McGrath’s nephew Vincent McGrath of Drogheda). McGrath, who spent most of his life in New York, was originally an accordion player until he lost some fingers on his right hand, and only then turned to the fiddle. That McGrath was the composer is in some dispute, and there are some who maintain he only wrote one composition, a reel in Paddy O’Brien’s tune book called “John McGrath’s Composition.” There is also a persistent rumor that the great fiddler Michael Coleman, originally from County Sligo, composed it on a train from New York to Providence, where he, Lad Beirne and Martin Wynne were booked to play a wedding for the Lyons family. They are supposed to have played it that same day. The late Danny O’Donnell of Donegal maintained that Coleman and Long Island fiddler Louis Quinn simply renamed the tune on a trip to Providence, Rhode Island. The tune does not appear in older collections and apparently was first published in 1950 by Boston button-accordion player Jerry O’Brien in his '''Irish Folk Dance Music''' under the “Rossport Reel” title. The first appearance in print under the “Providence” title appears to be in the Bulmer & Sharpley Collection (1974). Philippe Varlet finds the earliest sound recordings from the 1970’s by Paddy Reynolds (on his Rego LP “Sweet and Traditional”), by fiddler Sean Ryan, and on a tape by Aggie Whyte. The tune is distinguished by its beginning on the V chord on the downbeat.  
+
'''PROVIDENCE REEL.''' AKA – “The Providence.” AKA and see "[[Rossport Reel (The)]]," "[[Cooney's Reel]]." Irish, Reel. D Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB (Cranitch, Mallinson, Miller & Perron): AA'BB' (Alewine). A distinctive tune in D major that begins, however, with an emphatic E (suggesting an A major chord).  The “Providence Reel” title honors Providence, Rhode Island. The alternative title, "The Rossport Reel," is a nod to Rossport, Co. Mayo, home place of button accordionist, fiddler and music teacher John McGrath (1900–1955).  According to McGrath's nephew Vincent (a fine button accordionist and composer in his own right), it was composed by his uncle and was also among the tunes the elder McGrath submitted to Boston-based button accordionist Jerry O'Brien for the 1950 book "Irish Folk Dance Music." The book, however, explicitly credits McGrath as the composer of only one:  [[John McGrath's Composition]].McGrath, who spent most of his life in New York, was originally an accordion player until he lost some fingers on his right hand, and only then turned to the fiddle. His many students included New Yorkers Luke O'Malley (button accordion) and Dan and Kathleen Collins (fiddlers).
 +
<br>
 +
<br>
 +
Vincent McGrath's claim of authorship for his uncle has been challenged by those (including Lad O'Beirn'e's son James) who believe the tune was created when Sligo fiddle greats Michael Coleman, Lad Beirne and Martin Wynne were booked to play a wedding for a Lyons family of Providence. They are supposed to have played it that same day. The late Danny O’Donnell, a Donegal fiddler who spent some time with Lad O'Beirne's circle in New York, maintained, however, that Coleman and Long Island fiddler Louis Quinn simply renamed the tune on a trip to Providence.
 +
<br>
 +
<br>
 +
According to discographer Philippe Varlet, the tune was played in the 1970s by fiddlers Sean Ryan and Aggie Whyte.  The first commercial recording was by New York fiddler Paddy Reynolds (under the "Providence" tiltle) on the 1971 Rego Irish Records LP "Sweet and Traditional Music of Ireland." Paddy's setting was subsequently transcribed for Perron and Miller's 1977 "Irish Traditional Fiddle Music" but the first publication as "The Providence Reel" appears to have been in vol. 2 of "Music from Ireland (Bulmer & Sharpley ,1974).  
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
Line 29: Line 35:
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
----
 
----
 +
 
=='''Back to [[{{BASEPAGENAME}}]]'''==
 
=='''Back to [[{{BASEPAGENAME}}]]'''==

Revision as of 12:40, 3 June 2018

Back to Providence Reel


PROVIDENCE REEL. AKA – “The Providence.” AKA and see "Rossport Reel (The)," "Cooney's Reel." Irish, Reel. D Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB (Cranitch, Mallinson, Miller & Perron): AA'BB' (Alewine). A distinctive tune in D major that begins, however, with an emphatic E (suggesting an A major chord). The “Providence Reel” title honors Providence, Rhode Island. The alternative title, "The Rossport Reel," is a nod to Rossport, Co. Mayo, home place of button accordionist, fiddler and music teacher John McGrath (1900–1955). According to McGrath's nephew Vincent (a fine button accordionist and composer in his own right), it was composed by his uncle and was also among the tunes the elder McGrath submitted to Boston-based button accordionist Jerry O'Brien for the 1950 book "Irish Folk Dance Music." The book, however, explicitly credits McGrath as the composer of only one: John McGrath's Composition." McGrath, who spent most of his life in New York, was originally an accordion player until he lost some fingers on his right hand, and only then turned to the fiddle. His many students included New Yorkers Luke O'Malley (button accordion) and Dan and Kathleen Collins (fiddlers).

Vincent McGrath's claim of authorship for his uncle has been challenged by those (including Lad O'Beirn'e's son James) who believe the tune was created when Sligo fiddle greats Michael Coleman, Lad Beirne and Martin Wynne were booked to play a wedding for a Lyons family of Providence. They are supposed to have played it that same day. The late Danny O’Donnell, a Donegal fiddler who spent some time with Lad O'Beirne's circle in New York, maintained, however, that Coleman and Long Island fiddler Louis Quinn simply renamed the tune on a trip to Providence.

According to discographer Philippe Varlet, the tune was played in the 1970s by fiddlers Sean Ryan and Aggie Whyte. The first commercial recording was by New York fiddler Paddy Reynolds (under the "Providence" tiltle) on the 1971 Rego Irish Records LP "Sweet and Traditional Music of Ireland." Paddy's setting was subsequently transcribed for Perron and Miller's 1977 "Irish Traditional Fiddle Music" but the first publication as "The Providence Reel" appears to have been in vol. 2 of "Music from Ireland (Bulmer & Sharpley ,1974).

Source for notated version: Paddy Reynolds (1920–2005, Staten Island, New York) [Miller & Perron, Mulvihill]; .

Printed sources: Alewine (Maid that Cut Off the Chicken's Lips), 1987; p. 29. Bulmer & Sharpley (Music from Ireland, vol. 2), 1976; No. 19. Cranitch (The Irish Fiddle Book), 1996; No. 51, p. 145. Mallinson (100 Essential), 1995; No. 45, p. 20. Miller & Perron (Irish Traditional Fiddle Music), 1977; vol. 1, no. 6. Miller & Perron (Irish Traditional Fiddle Music), 2nd Edition, 2006; p. 99 (two versions). Mulvihill (1st Collection), 1986; No. 90, p. 24. Treoir, vol. 38, No. 3 & 4, 2006; p. 34.

Recorded sources: Cló Iar-Chonnachta Records, CICD 148, Mick Conneely – “Selkie” (2001). Coleman Music Center CHC 009, fiddler Fred Finn – “The Coleman Archive, vol. 2: The Home Place” (2005. Various artists). Green Linnet Records SIF 1058, Matt Molloy & Sean Keane - "Contentment is Wealth" (1985). Kells Music, Paddy Reynolds – “Atlantic Wave.” Ossian OSS 5, Matt Cranitch – “Take a Bow.” Ossian OSS CD 130, Sliabh Notes – “Along Blackwater’s Banks” (2002). Rego, Paddy Reynolds - “Sweet and Traditional.” Tara CD 4011, Frankie Gavin – “Fierce Traditional.” Varrick VR-038, Yankee Ingenuity - "Heatin' up the Hall" (1989). Marcas O'Murchu – “O Bheal go Beal.” Glenside and Kilfenora Ceili Bands – “Songs, Jigs and Reels.”

See also listings at:
Jane Keefer’s Folk Music Index: An Index to Recorded Sources [1]
Alan Ng’s Irishtune.info [2]




Back to Providence Reel