Duchess of Manchester's Farewell to the Highlands of Scotland
DUCHESS OF MANCHESTER'S FAREWELL TO THE HIGHLANDS OF SCOTLAND, THE. AKA - "Honest Men and Bonnie Lasses" (Gow's title). Scottish, "Pastoral--March" (4/4 time). B Flat Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AAB. Thought to be one of the most celebrated and best compositions of William Marshall (1748-1833) according to both Collinson (1966) and Emmerson (1971); it appeared in his First Collection (1781). Niel Gow republished the tune in 1809 in his Fifth Collection under the title "Honest Men and Bonnie Lasses," without composer credit. The Duchess of Manchester was Lady Susan, third daughter of Alexander, the 4th Duke (1743-1827) and Duchess of Gordon. Susan departed the family estate in 1793 to marry William Montague, 5th Duke of Manchester, inspiring Marshall (who was for many years the Duke's Steward of the Household, and thus an intimate of the family) to compose the tune.
Source for notated version:
Printed sources: Hunter (Fiddle Music of Scotland), 1988; No. 46. Marshall, Fiddlecase Edition, 1978; 1822 Collection, p. 4.