King of Sweden's March (1) (The)

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X:1 T:King of Sweden’s March [1] with Variations M:C| L:1/8 R:Country Dance B:James Aird – Selection of Scotch, English, Irish and Foreign Airs, vol. 3 (Glasgow, 1788, No. 434, p. 168) N:”Humbly dedicated to the Volunteers and Defensive Bands of Great Britain and Ireland” Z:AK/Fiddler’s Companion K:D Tf3e (def).d|g2g2 (gba).g|f3e (def).d|Te4 A4| Tf3e (def).d|g2 (ag) f2 (gf)|e2d2 (egf).e|d2 d2 d4:| |:(de)(fg) a2 (ba)|.g2.g2.g2 (ag)|f2f2 (gf)(ed)|Te4 A4| (de)(fg) .a2 (ba)|g2 ag .f(agf)|e2d2 .e(gfe)|d2d2 d4:| |:(de).f2 (ef) g2|(de).f2 (ef) g2|(de).fd. (ef).g.f|Te4A4| (de).f.d (ef).g.e|(de).f.d (ef).g.a|f2 T(ed) egTfe|d2d2 d4:| |:(de)(fg) a2 (ba)|g2g2g2 (ag)|f2f2 (gf)(ed)|Te4A4| (de)(fg) .a2 (ba)|.g2 (ag) .f2 (gf)|e2d2 .e(gfe)|d2d2 d4:| |:(fa)(da) (fa)(da)|(gb)(eb) (gb)(eb)|(fa)(da) (fa)(da)|(ce)(Ae) (ce)(Ae)| (fa)(da) (fa)(da)|(gb)(gb) |(fa)(fa)|(gfe).d (egf).e|d2d2 d4:| |:(aTfd).f (aTfd).f|(bge).g (bge).g|(afd).f (afd).f|(ecA).c (ecA).c| (afd).f (afd).f|g2 (ag) f2 (gf)|e2d2 egfe|d2d2 d4:| |:defg afed|efga bgfe|defg afed|ABcd ecBA| Defg afed|(gb)(gb) (fa)(fa)|(ge)(ed) (eg)(fe)|d2d2 d4:| |:(df)(af) (df)(af)|(eg)(bg) (eg)(bg)|(df)(af) (df)(af)|(Ac)(ec) (Ac)(ec)| (df)(af) (df)(af)|.g2 (bg) .f2(af)|e2d2 (egf)e|d2d2 d4:| |:.a2.f2.d2.A2|.b2.g2.e2.B2|.a2f.2.d2.A2|.e2.c2.B2.A2| .a2.f2.d.2.A2|.c’(d’c’b) .a(c’f’f)|(gf)(ed) .e(gfe)|d2d2d4:| |:(df)(df) (df)(df)|(eg)(eg) (eg)(eg)|dfdf dfdf|cece cece| dfdf dfdf|gbgb fafa|gfed egfe|d2d2 d4:| |:(de)(fg) a2 (ba)|.g2.g2.g2 (ag)|.f2.f2 (gf)(ed)|Te4 A4| (de)(fg) .a2 (ba)|.g2 (ag) .f2(gf)|e2d2 .e(gfe)|d2d2 d4:|]

KING OF SWEDEN'S MARCH [1], THE. AKA - "Sweden's March." Scottish, English; March (cut or 4/4 time). D Major: A Major (Johnson). Standard tuning (fiddle). AABBCCDDEEFFGGHH (Johnson): AABBCCDDEEFFGGHHIIJJ (Aird). See also note for "Charles of Sweden." The melody appears in several publications and musicians' manuscripts of the latter 18th and early 19th century, including the collections of Bremner (Airs and Marches, c. 1756-61, p. 94), Aird (1788), Longman & Broderip (Entire New and Compleat Instructions for the Fife, London, 1780), and Thomas Skillern (Compleat Instructions for the Fife, London, 1780). The tune also appears in the Shiels MS (1820-21) with variations that are derived from Bremner's version, states Johnson (1984), who also says the Bremner text shows the tune was originally in Baroque trumpet style. "The King of Sweden's March [1]" is based on a passamezzo moderno chord sequence (through strain 3, at which time it changes to double tonic style), which was a 16th century Italian import to the British Isles, although the variations were in the latest 18th century style.

Sweden March was also the name of a Scottish dance similar to a hornpipe, and is mentioned in an account as being taught at a country dancing master's school (probably in Kirkcudbright) in MacTaggart's Scottish Gallovidian Encyclopedia (1824).

Additional notes
Source for notated version : - The Shiels Manuscript, Crieff, 1820-21 [Johnson].

Printed sources : - Aird (Selection of Scotch, English, Irish and Foreign Airs, vol. 3), 1788; No. 434, p. 168. Bremner (A Collection of Airs and Marches), 1761; no. 72, pp. 94–96. Johnson (Scottish Fiddle Music in the 18th Century), 1984; No. 40, pp. 98-99.

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