Marchioness of Townshend (The)

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MARCHIONESS OF TOWNSHEND, THE. Scottish, Strathspey. A Minor. Standard tuning (fiddle). AAB. Composed by Aberdeenshire fiddler-composer Alexander Walker (b. 1819). The title honors either Elizabeth Jane Crichton-Stuart, daughter of Lord George Stuart, who married a naval commander, John Townshend, 4th Marquess Townshend (1798-1863). She died in 1877. John was succeeded in his titles in 1863 by his eldest son John Villiers Stuart Townshend, 5th Marquess Townshend (1831–1899), who married Lady Anne Elizabeth Clementina Duff 1847-1925), eldest daughter of James Duff, 5th Earl Fife, on 17 October 1865 (the year before Alexander Walker published his collection). Lady Clementina, to whom the tune title probably refers, died in 1925.

The marriage of John, the 5th Marquess and Lady Anne (Clementina), was unfortunately, a failure. Townshend was a member of the House of Commons, and, when he acceded to the title, the House of Lords. He was known in his time as a "liberal crank", who championed a number of humane causes "far in advance of his time," often for the welfare and protection of the poor. He was not discerning, however, and his bills, while sometimes well considered were at other times thought to be hopeless and even useless. His political reputation a shambles, he determined around 1870 to devote himself to private philanthropy and took up a number of causes, both deserving and non-deserving. Vanity Fair said of him in February of 1870:

Vanity Fair's take on John Townshend

He is the prey of impostors, his generous efforts produce much lasting harm with only a little transient good, he is thwarted and laughed at by glib respectability, but he is a refreshing phenomenon in a selfish age, for he is the Beggar's friend.

All of his activity apparently led him to neglect his home life, and, in 1872 Lord Edward Thynne called upon the Townshend home in London in the Marquis's absence, and absconded with a willing Clementina to France. Townshend was despondent but did nothing until nearly eight years later when the Marquis caught up with Thynne on the road between Salisbury and Laverstock and soundly horsewhipped the miscreant lord. Arrested for the assault, tried and convicted, Townshend pleaded that it was no more than Thynne's just deserts, and while popular opinion sided with him, it was a death-knell for his social standing. The Marquis was forced to pay a fine to avoid prison, and he died at the end of the century with very little to his name, having given away most of his fortune [1].

Source for notated version:

Printed sources: Walker (A Collection of Strathspeys, Reels, Marches, &c.), 1866; No. 30, p. 12.

Recorded sources:

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