Red Lion Hornpipe (1)
X:1 T:Red Lion Hornpipe  C:Zeke Backus M:2/4 L:1/8 R:Hornpipe B:Coes Album of Jigs and Reels, something new, for professional and amateur violinists, B:leaders of orchestras, quadrille bands, and clog, reel and jig dancers; consisting of a B:Grand Collection of entirely New and Original Clog-Hornpipes, Reels, jigs, B:Scotch Reels, Irish Reels and Jigs, Waltzes, Walk-Arounds, etc. (1876, p. 30) N:Coes performed with the San Francisco Minstrels in California from 1852 to 1859. Z:AK/Fiddler’s Companion K:Bb (3F/G/A/| B/F/d/B/ f/d/b/f/|g/e/c/A/ B/A/G/F/|G/E/D/E/ Cc/d/|e/c/d/B/ c/A/F/A/| B/F/d/B/ f/d/b/f/|g/e/c/z/ B/A/G/F/|G/E/D/E/ C/E/B,/B/|c/e/A/c/ B:| |:F/E/|D/B,/F/D/ B/F/d/B/|e/g/e/c/ B/A/G/F/|F/A/c/A/ B/d/f/b/|a/f/g/=e/ f(3f/g/a/| b/f/d/f/ g/e/c/e/|d/B/c/A/ B/A/G/F/|G/E/D/E/ C/E/B,/B/|c/e/A/c/ B:|]
RED LION HORNPIPE . American, Irish(-American); Hornpipe. USA, Missouri, New England. B Flat Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB. The composition is credited to one Zeke Backus in both Coes Album of Jigs and Reels (1876) and Ryan’s Mammoth Collection (1883), one of several compositions in each volume credited to him. Backus was a blackface-minstrel performer and fiddler. Although there is no record of a ‘Zeke’, the Backus family (especially Charles) were prominent mid-19th century minstrels, touring the country and even spending time in San Francisco. From its origins in Coes and particularly Ryan's Mammoth Collection the tune has been disseminated and was collected from fiddlers in Missouri by R.P. Christeson and Ira Ford (probably, as Ford did not list his sources). It was in the contest repertory of Texas fiddler Bryant Houston. It has even tip-toed into Irish repertory and was included in Martin Mulvihill's 1986 volume, largely collected from New York Irish fiddlers.