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X:1 T:Andrew Kerr M:9/8 L:1/8 R:Country Dance B:John Walsh - Caledonian Country Dances (London, c. 1745, p. 21) N:Published in several volumes and editions 1731-c. 1745 Z:AK/Fiddler's Companion K:G B2d dBG dBG|d2e efg f2A|B2d def efg|D2G GAB A2G:| |:g2d dBG dBG|g2e eae f2d|gfe dBd def|g2G GAB A2G:|]

ANDREW CAREY. AKA - "Andrew Kerr," "Andrew Carr." English, Scottish; Country Dance Tune (9/8 time), Slip Jig. D Major (Athole, Cole, Goodman, Gow, Kennedy, O'Farrell, Raven, Roche): G Major (Bruce & Stokoe, O'Flannagan, Vickers). Standard tuning (fiddle). AAB (Athole, Gow, Hunter): AABB (O'Farrell): AABBCC (Goodman): AABBCCDD' (Kennedy). "Andrew Carey" was a tune popular enough to have been widely disseminated, perhaps originally a song air. A distanced version, perhaps a precursor, can be found as the vehicle for a country dance called "Scotland (1)" in Playford's Dancing Master (1709) series, although a relationship has yet to be established. The melody appears in London music publisher Daniel Wright's Collection of Scots Dances (1730, as "Andrew Kerr"), Wright's Compleat Collection of Celebrated Country Dances (London, 1740), John Walsh's Third Book of the Compleat Country Dancing Master (London, 1735 & 1749), and Simpson's Compleat Tutor for the Flute (London, 1745). Later it was published in Thompson (1777), James Aird's Selection of Scotch, English, Irish and Foreign Airs, vol. 5 (Glasgow, 1797), and the Gow's Complete Repository, Part 1 (1799). The tune's title appears in Henry Robson's list of popular Northumbrian song and dance tunes ("The Northern Minstrel's Budget"), which he published c. 1800. The titles naming Andrew as a 'Kerr' predate the 'Carey' titles (although Carr and Carey are also names used by the same clan). The Kerrs were a Scottish Middle-March Borders clan-family well-known for their raiding, cattle reiving and feuding [1] (see George MacDonald Fraser's 1971 book The Steel Bonnets for a comprehensive text on Scottish and English Borders activities).

"Andrew Carey" and variant titles appears in several British musicians' manuscript collections, including William Vickers (Northumberland, 1770), John Buttery (Lincolnshire British army fifer, very early 19th century), Joseph Crawhall (Northumberland, 1872), the Tiller ms., and Thomas Hammersley (London, 1790). It is contained in vol. 2 (p. 146) of the large mid-19th century music manuscript collection of County Cork cleric and uilleann piper wikipedia:James_Goodman_(musicolgist) (probably copied from J.T. Surenne's 1854 collection). In North America the tune was included by Henry Beck in his commonplace book for the flute (1786), Aaron Thompson (New Jersey, 1777-1782), William Morris (Hunterdon County, New Jersey, 1776-1777), and by Thomas Molyneaux in his flute copybook (Shelburne, Nova Scotia, 1788).

Bruce & Stokoe print lyrics to the tune, beginning:

As I went to Newcastle, My journey was not far,
I met with a sailor lad, His name was Andrew Carr.
And hey for Andrew, Andrew, Ho for Andrew Carr,
And hey for Andrew, Andrew, Ho for Andrew Carr.

A slower version of the melody is played in the Shetlands as Yairds o' Finnigirth<div class="mw-ext-score" data-midi="/w/images/lilypond/j/h/jh5q3eklw3fxwq736ysx4p4hg0prjhd/jh5q3ekl.midi"><img src="/w/images/lilypond/j/h/jh5q3eklw3fxwq736ysx4p4hg0prjhd/jh5q3ekl.png" width="697" height="66" alt=" X:1 M:9/8 L:1/8 K:Dmix A2 d>d A>Fd A>FD|E>e e>fg ~f>ef|d/e/d/A/ Bcd A/F/A|A,>B, D>EF ~ED:| "/></div> Peter Kennedy gives the alternate English title "Derby Carey." It has survived in Irish tradition as the slip jig Hills of Tipperary (The)<div class="mw-ext-score" data-midi="/w/images/lilypond/d/6/d6lffczyba65hx9kvfiyucd2ujwmbfl/d6lffczy.midi"><img src="/w/images/lilypond/d/6/d6lffczyba65hx9kvfiyucd2ujwmbfl/d6lffczy.png" width="635" height="64" alt=" X:1 M:9/8 L:1/8 K:D (3A/B/c/ |: dcB AGF ABc | dcd efg fge | dcB AGF ABc | "/></div> and "Tipperary Hills," and Michael Gorman's<div class="mw-ext-score" data-midi="/w/images/lilypond/r/l/rl8rkf64pnq90qhltqoaamai49l9sxv/rl8rkf64.midi"><img src="/w/images/lilypond/r/l/rl8rkf64pnq90qhltqoaamai49l9sxv/rl8rkf64.png" width="625" height="52" alt=" X:1 M:9/8 L:1/8 K:D F2F A2F A2F|~G3 B2G B2G|~F3 A2F A2F|Bcd A2G FED:| "/></div>

Additional notes
Source for notated version : - William Vickers' 1770 music manuscript collection (Northumberland) [Seattle].

Printed sources : - Aird (Selection of Scotch, English, Irish and Foreign Airs, vol. 5), 1797; No. 106, p. 40. Bruce & Stokoe, Northumbrian Minstrelsy, 1882; p. 179 (appears as "Andrew Carr"). Callaghan (Hardcore English), 2007; p. 80. Charlton Memorial Tune Book, 1956; p. 17 (appears as "Andrew Carey"). Cole (1000 Fiddle Tunes), 1940; p. 78. Gow (Complete Repository, Part 1), 1799; p. 36. Frank Harding (Harding's Original Collection), 1897; No. 131, p. 41 (as "Andy Carey"). Haverty (One Hundred Irish Airs vol. 3), 1859; No. 281, p. 140. Howe (Musician's Omnibus No. 2), c. 1864; p. 101. Hunter (Fiddle Music of Scotland), 1988; No. 290. Kennedy (The Fiddler's Tune-Book: Slip Jigs and Waltzes), 1999; p. 3 No. 1. O'Farrell (Pocket Companion for the Irish or Union Pipes, vol. II), c. 1806; p. 119. O'Flannagan (The Hibernia Collection), 1860; p. 4. O'Neill (Dance Music of Ireland: 1001 Gems), No. 430 (appears as "Tipperary Hills"). Raven (English Country Dance Tunes), 1984; p. 130. Roche (Collection of Traditional Irish Music, vol. 2), 1912; p. 24. Stewart-Robertson (The Athole Collection), 1884; p. 138 (appears as "Andrew Carr"). Seattle (Great Northern Tune Book/William Vickers), 1987, Part 2; No. 306. Surenne (Songs of Ireland without Words), 1854; p. 67. John Walsh (Caledonian Country Dances), c. 1745; p. 21 (appears as "Andrew Kerr"). Wilson (Companion to the Ball Room), 1816. David Young (A Collection of Scotch Airs with the latest Variations, AKA - The McFarlane Manuscript), c. 1741; No. 225, p. 272.

Recorded sources : - Redwing Music RWMCD 5410, Abby Newton - "Castles, Kirks and Caves" (2001).

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