X:1 T:Astley's Hornpipe M:C| L:1/8 R:Country Dance B:Samuel, Ann & Peter Thompson - Compleat Collection of 200 Favourite B:Country Dances, vol. 5 (London, 1788, p. 41) Z:AK/Fiddler's Companion K:F FGAB cAGF|gfed d2c2|AcAF BdBG|AcAF FED[Cc]| FGAB cAGF|gfed d2c2|AcAF BdBG|F2E2 F4:| |:cdef egec|fafd egec|cdef gedc|AcAF EGE[Cc]| [A,A]cAF ddBG|Egec Fafd|cfed cBAG|F2E2 F4:|]
ASTLEY'S HORNPIPE. AKA and see "Ashley's Hornpipe (1)," "Bonnie Annie (2)," "Triplet Hornpipe (1) (The)." English, Hornpipe. England; Sussex, Shropshire, Lancashire. G Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB. A very popular hornpipe found in a large number of English printed and manuscript collections. The name Ashley derives from the Old English name (still in use) for the ash tree coupled with the word leah, meaning glade or clearing, however, the title probably refers to Sergeant-Major Philip Astley, credited with creating the first circus in London in the second half of the 19th century (see note for "Astley's Ride"). It is unclear whether the title was originally "Ashley's Hornpipe" (under which it appears in the Thomas Hardy manuscript, for example) and later became associated with the famous equestrian and therefore underwent a slight name change through association. In print the earliest appearance seems to be in Thompson's Compleat Collection of 200 Fashionable Country Dances, vol. 5 (1788, p. 41). Shropshire fiddler John Moore had it as "Astley's Hornpipe" in his 1837-40's manuscript. George Spencer (Leeds, Yorkshire) included both titles in his 1831 music manuscript. Fiddler, poet and writer John Clare (1793-1864, of Helpstone, East Midlands) had two versions in his music manuscript, both under the titles "Ashley's Hornpipe" and "Asley's Hornpipe" (one version generally corresponds to the "Ashley's Hornpipe" in the Hardy ms.). Likewise, under the "Ashley's" title it appears in the 19th century music manuscripts of G. Huddswell (Yorkshire), William Clarke (East Anglia) and William Mittell (Kent). In America, the tune was entered into the c. 1807-1840 Woburn Fife Manuscript (as "Astey's Hornpipe") and William Patten's c. 1800 copybook. Edinburgh Circus musician John Watley published the tune in his second collection under the title "Jinkinson's Hornpipe" (31), indicating its association with Jospeh Jenkinson, one of the members of the equestrian company at the circus in the 1790's .
Seamus Connolly remarks that he first heard "Astley's Hornpipe" on a Irish radio broadcast of Seán Ó Murchú's Céilí House program of the Eamonn Ceannt Céilí Band from Dublin, regularly featured on the program. Connolly says they had a penchant for playing tunes that were seldom heard.
An elborate version of the hornpipe was printed in Glasgow in the latter 19th century by James S. Kerr under the title "Triplet Hornpipe (1) (The)."
- Kim Baston, "The Celebrated Circus Tunes: Music and Musicians in an Eighteenth-Century Circus", Popular Entertainment Studies, Vol. 9, Issue 1-2, 2018, p. 22