Balkan Hornpipe

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X:1 T:Balkan Hornpipe M:2/4 L:1/8 R:Hornpipe S:Ryan's Mammoth Collection (1883) Z:AK/Fiddler's Companion K:D A | .d(f/d/) c/e/A/c/ | d/A/f/d/ e/g/c/e/ | .d(f/d/) c/e/A/g/ | f/d/e/c/ dA | .d(f/d/) c/e/A/c/ | d/A/f/d/ e/g/c/e/ | .d(f/d/) c/e/A/g/ | f/d/e/c/ d :| |: A/G/ | F/D/A/F/ d/A/B/G/ |F/D/A/D/ E/c/A/G/ | F/D/A/F/ d/A/B/G/ | F/D/E/C/ .D(A/G/) | F/D/A/F/ d/A/B/G/ | F/D/A/F/ E/c/A/G/ | F/D/A/F/ d/A/A/g/ | f/d/e/c/ d :||

BALKAN HORNPIPE. AKA and see "Dunkeld Bridge," "Jerry Hayes." American, Scottish; Hornpipe. D Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB (Cole): AABB' (Kerr). The composition is credited to "Hayes" in Ryan's Mammoth Collection, perhaps a tongue-in-cheek reference to United States President Rutherford B. Hayes (1822-1893), elected in 1876, and one of a few such jokes in Ryan's. Although his opponent, Tilden, won the popular vote, Hayes won the electoral vote and was confirmed in 1877. During the same year Russia went to war against Turkey, and the Balkans were a main theatre of the war, however, the exact connection with Hayes (and thus the 'joke', if that is the case) is obscure. Francis O'Neill printed a version of the tune as "Jerry Hayes"; again, however, the connection (if any) between O'Neill's title 'Jerry Hayes' and Ryan's attribution to 'Hayes' is unclear[1].

All tunes are derived from the original source, Niel Gow's "Dunkeld Bridge."

Additional notes

Printed sources : - Cole (1000 Fiddle Tunes), 1940; p. 91. Kerr (Merry Melodies, vol. 2) c. 1880's; No. 359, p. 339. Ryan's Mammoth Collection, 1883; p. 125.

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  1. The musical link between "Balkan Hornpipe" with "Dunkeld Bridge" and "Jerry Hayes" was made by Fr. John Quinn.