Battle of Culloden (The)

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BATTLE OF CULLODEN, THE. AKA and see "Auld Stewart's Back Again." English, Reel. D Major/Mixolydian. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB. The melody was first printed in Johnson's 'Choice Collection of 200 Favourite Country Dances, vol. 4 (London, 1748), only a few years after the defeat of Bonnie Prince Charlie. Subsequently it appeared in David Rutherford's Compleat Collection of 200 of the Most Celebrated Country Dances (London, 17560. American amateur musician Henry Livingston Jr. included it in his music manuscript copybook. Livingston purchased the estate of Locust Grove, Poughkeepsie, New York, in 1771 at the age of 23. In 1775 he was a Major in the 3rd New York Regiment, which participated in Montgomery's invasion of Canada in a failed attempt to wrest Quebec from British control. An important land-owner in the Hudson Valley, and a member of the powerful Livingston family, Henry was also a surveyor and real estate speculator, an illustrator and map-maker, and a Justice of the Peace for Dutchess County. He was also a poet and musician, and presumably a dancer, as he was elected a Manager for the New York Assembly's dancing season of 1774-1775, along with his 3rd cousin, John Jay, later U.S. Chief Justice of Governor of New York.

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