Battle of Falkirk (1) (The)
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BATTLE OF FALKIRK , THE. Scottish, Fiddle Pibroch. A pibroch (various spellings) is a long solo air or listening piece, and usually refers to a composition for the Highland pipes. However, many pibroch's translate well to the fiddle and a few were composed specifically for the instrument. Composed by James Oswald in the late 1750's, and published in his Caledonian Pocket Companion. A 'pibroch' is a ceremonial form often used to celebrate or lament an event, and is usually meant for the Scottish great-pipes; in this case a fiddle was specified. The original Battle of Falkirk was fought in the year 1298 and marked the defeat of the Scottish hero William Wallace by the forces of the English king Edward I. A second battle was fought there in 1746 when the English caught up to the retreating Jacobite forces of Bonnie Prince Charlie, prior to the final battle at Culloden. See Lude's Lament for more.
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