Annotation:Bridge of Lodi (The)

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X:1 T:Bridge of Lodi M:C L:1/8 R:Hornpipe Q:"Allegro" B:Thomas Wilson - Companion to the Ball Room (1816, p. 130) Z:AK/Fiddler's Companion K:C GF|E2c2c2 Bc|dBGB c2 cd|edec fefd|gece d2 GF| E2c2c2 Bc|dBGB c2 Bc|dBdB cAG^F|G2G2G2|| ef | gfed cBA^G | A2F2F2 fg | agfe dcBA | B2G2G2 ef | gege afaf | gege afaf | gece fdcB | c2c2c2 |]

BRIDGE OF/AT LODI, THE. AKA and see "Douglas," "Down Back o' Shoddy," "Hell on the Potomac (3)," "Hunter's Hornpipe (1)," "Huntsman's Hornpipe," "Lochmaben Hornpipe," "Lord Nelson's Hornpipe (1)," "Nelson's Hornpipe (2)," "Richer's Hornpipe (2)," "Saxon's Hornpipe," "Stage Hornpipe (4) (The)." Scottish, English; Hornpipe. C Major (Carlin, Robbins): D Major (Raven). Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB. A very popular hornpipe melody that exists in 19th century publications and musicians' copybooks under a variety of titles, dating to the very early 1800's. It was printed under the "Lodi" title in London in J. Ball's Gentleman's Amusement, Book 3 (1815), and in dancing master Thomas Wilson's Companion to the Ballroom (1816). In America it appears in Paff's Gentleman's Amusement No. 1 (N.Y. c. 1812) and the music copybooks of P. Van Schaack (1820, Kinderhook, N.Y.) and William Patten (Philadelphia, Pa.?, 1800?).

The Bridge of Lodi, Italy, was the site of one of Napoleon's earliest and most important victories in Italy, early in his career. The melody appears under this title in the music manuscripts of William Clarke (Feltwell, Norfolk) dated 1858. Dorset writer Thomas Hardy wrote a poem called "The Bridge of Lodi," inspired twofold by the hornpipe and by a trip to Italy in the Spring of 1887. The first two stanzas begin:

When of tender mind and body,
I was moved by minstrelsy,
And that air "The Bridge of Lodi"
Brought a strange delight to me.

In the battle-breathing jingle
Of its forward-footing tune
I could see the armies mingle,
And the columns crushed and hewn.

It appears as "Nelson's Hornpipe (2)" in key of 'G' in the music manuscript collections of the Browne family (Troutbeck, Cumbria), James Winder (1835, Wyresdale, Lancashire) and William Andrews (late 19th century, Sheepstor, Devon). Leyburn, north Yorkshire, musician William Calvert had it in his 1812 manuscript as "Admiral Lord Nelson's Hornpipe." Dublin music publisher Maurice Hime printed it as "Richer's Hornpipe (2)" in his Hime's Pocket Book, vol. 2 (c. 1810, p. 22). See also English fiddler Charles Baldwin's (c. 1822-c. 1920) "Gloucester Hornpipe (2)." See also the Irish variant "Murray's Hornpipe (1)."

Additional notes

Printed sources : - Carlin (Master Collection of Dance Music for the Violin), 1984; p. 99 (#170). Raven (English Country Dance Tunes), 1984; p. 163. Robbins Music Corp. (The Robbins collection of 200 jigs, reels and country dances), New York, 1933; No. 170, p. 55. Westrop (120 Country Dances, Jigs, Reels, Hornpipes, Strathspeys, Spanish Waltz etc. for the Violin), c. 1923; No. 95. Wilson (Companion to the Ballroom), 1816; p. 132.

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