Caroline O'Neill's Hornpipe
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CAROLINE O'NEILL'S HORNPIPE (Crannciuil Caroline Ni Niall). AKA and see "Galway Hornpipe (2) (The)." Irish, Hornpipe. G Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABBCCDD. The hornpipe was composed by Chicago fiddler Edward Cronin, originally from County Tipperary and born in the early 1840's, in honor of one of Chief Francis O'Neill's daughters. Caroline was born in 1881, and, in 1913, married Daniel Crowe. She died in 1968, having outlived her husband by twenty-six years.
Cronin, a member of the Chicago Irish Music Club, was an elderly fiddler of remarkable skill and a vast store of tunes, whom O'Neill visited often to transcribe melodies from his playing. Thus Cronin's name is often mentioned as the source for tunes in the O'Neill collections. Unfortunately, Cronin could also be suspicious, and boasted he 'never forgot nor forgave a slight'. In later years O'Neill became the target of a perceived slight, and the relationship ended. However, O'Neill apparently valued this composition, as it appears in several of his printed collections.
Source for notated version:
Printed sources: O'Neill (O'Neill's Irish Music), 1915; No. 364, p. 176. O'Neill (Krassen), 1976; p. 218. O'Neill (Music of Ireland: 1850 Melodies), 1903; No. 1780, p. 332. O'Neill (Dance Music of Ireland: 1001 Gems), 1907; No. 938, p. 160.