Crowley's (1)

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CROWLEY'S [1] (Ríl Uí Chruaidhlaoich). Irish, Reel. D Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AB (Breathnach, Harker/Rafferty, Moylan): AAB (Miller & Perron): AABB (Mulvihill, Taylor). The reel is commonly played along with the second Crowley reel and together are known as "Crowley's Reels." The Irish fiddle master Michael Coleman (b. 1891, Co. Sligo – d. 1945, New York) is the source for most versions of this tune, although accordion player Joe Cooley (Peterswell, County Galway) also helped popularize it. David Taylor (1992) thinks the tune was probably originally called "Crowley's" by Coleman, who, like other Irish musicians, frequently named tunes after his associates. Coleman's associate, of whom little is known, is sometimes referred to as "Master" Crowley. Coleman recorded the melody, paired with "Crowley's (2)", in New York for Decca Records in 1935.

Sources for notated versions: fiddler Tommy Potts (Ireland) [Breathnach]; Michael Coleman (Co. Sligo/New York) [Miller & Perron, Williamson]; accordion player Johnny O'Leary (Sliabh Luachra region of the Cork-Kerry border) [Moylan]; John Clancy (Bronx, NY) [Mulvihill]; set dance music recorded live at Na Píobairí Uilleann, mid-1980's [Taylor]; New Jersey flute player Mike Rafferty, born in Ballinakill, Co. Galway, in 1926 [Harker].

Printed sources: Breathnach (CRÉ 1), 1963; No. 137, p. 55. Harker (300 Tunes from Mike Rafferty), 2005; No. 47, p. 15. Lyth (Bowing Styles in Irish Fiddle Music), 1981; 39. Miller & Perron (Irish Traditional Fiddle Music), 1977; vol. 3, No. 41. Miller & Perron (Irish Traditional Fiddle Music), 2nd Edition, 2006; p. 59. Moylan (Johnny O'Leary of Sliabh Luachra), 1994; No. 309, p. 178. Mulvihill (1st Collection), 1986; No. 226, p. 61. Taylor (Through the Half-Door), 1992; No. 34, p. 25. Taylor (Music for the Sets: Yellow Book), 1995; p. 18. Tubridy (Irish Traditional Music, vol. 1), 1999; p. 18. Williamson (English, Welsh, Scotch and Irish Fiddle Tunes), 1976; p. 84.

Recorded sources: Ace of Hearts AH56, Michael Coleman (reproduction of an old 78 RPM recording). Columbia, Michael Coleman, mid-1930's. Compass 7 4287 2, Cathal McConnell – "Long Expectant Comes at Last" (2000. Learned from the Coleman 78's). Decca Records, Michael Coleman (1935). Gael-linn CEFCD 114, Tony MacMahon & Noel Hill – "I gCnoc na Graí" ('In Knocknagree'). Green Linnet SIF-1051, Jackie Daly, Seamus and Manus McGuire – "Buttons and Bows" (1984). Green Linnet SIF1122, Kevin Burke – "Open House" (1992). Green Linnet GLCD 1175, Cherish the Ladies – "New Day Dawning." Green Linnet GLCD 1187, Cherish the Ladies – "One and All: the best of Cherish the Ladies" (1998). Philo 2001, "Jean Carrignan" (learned from Coleman's recordings). RCA 5798-2-RC, "James Galway and the Chieftains" (1986).

See also listings at:
Jane Keefer's Folk Music Index: An Index to Recorded Sources [1]
Alan Ng's Irishtune.info [2]




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