Annotation:Darkey's Dream

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X:1 T:Darkie's Dream N:From the playing of fiddler Gene Goforth (1921- 2002, Eminence, Mo.), from N:a field recoding by Mark Wilson in 1997. M:C| L:1/8 Q:"Quick" N:Originally composed by George L. Lansing, but "folk-processed" since. D: D: Z:Transcribed by Andrew Kuntz K:D (A,B,[D2D2]-[DD])E-FD|EFDE FABc|d2 Bd AFdB|AFED FA[F2A2]| (A,B,[D2D2]-[DD])E-FD|EFDE FABc|d2 AF AFDB|1AFE(C [D4D4]):|2 AFE(C [D4D4])-|| |:[D2D2]fa fedf|edBF A2Bc|d2 Bd AFdB|AFED FD[F2A2]| e-f2a fedf|edBF A2 Bc|d2 Bd AFdB|AFE(C [D4D4])-:| |:[M:2/4][D2D2] Ac|:[M:C|]d2[d2f2]ce-ec|dffd ce-ec|d2c2 BdAG|1FDED FABc:|2 FDEC D2|| eg|fd [d2f2][d2f2]FG|ABAF A2eg|fd[d2f2][d2f2] FG|ABAFA2 eg| fd [d2f2][d2f2]FG|ABAF A2Bc|dAce BdAG|FDEC D4||

George L. Lansing (1860-1923)

DARKEY'S DREAM [1] . AKA – "Darkies Dream, "Darky's Dream." AKA and see "Acorn Stomp," "Darkey Dan," "Offally Favorite," "Wind That Blows You Away (The)." American; Reel or Schottische. Irish, Barn Dance. USA; eastern Tenn., western N.C., West Virginia, Missouri, southwestern Pa., Arizona. D Major (Bayard, Beisswenger & McCann/Goforth, Roche): F Major (Phillips): G Major (Beisswenger & McCann/Robertson). Standard tuning (fiddle). AAB (Roche): AA'B (Bayard, Phillips): AA'BB'CC (Beisswenger & McCann/Robertson): AABBCD (Beisswenger & McCann/Goforth). The first strain appears to be fairly uniform among fiddlers' versions of this tune, although the second strain varies (sometimes quite a bit). One version was in the repertoire of legendary fiddler J. Dedrick Harris, born in Tenn., who played regularly with Bob Taylor when he was running for Governor of the state in the late 1800's. He moved to western North Carolina in the 1920's and influenced a generation of fiddlers there: Osey Helton, Manco Sneed, Bill Hensley, Marcus Martin—in fact, a tune by the title was also in Osey Helton's repertoire. "Darkie's Dream" was identified by John Hartford as a Missouri tune similar to "Essence of Sugar Cane" which is known to have inspired the three-part "Darkie's Dream" composed by George L. Lansing in 1887. Lansing's composition was recorded by the leading banjo soloists of the early 20th century, Fred Van Eps and Ruby Brooks. Lansing himself was a white banjo player in Boston in the 1880's, who also composed "Darkie's Awakening" and "Drowsy Dempsy"--he disparaged the Irish as well as African-Americans.

It was Lansing's most popular composition and was widely disseminated, even enjoying popularity overseas. Over the years it has been set as a schottische, barn dance and reel, the latter particularly in American "old-time" vernacular. A tune by this title in the key of G Major was in the repertoire of Arizona fiddler Kenner C. Kartchner who identified it as a "clog dance," sometimes played at dances for a schottische. Bayard (1981) noted that Pennsylvania fiddlers played this tune with a variety of tempos and styles, and he too mentions that the schottische style was common. Other melodies that bear a general or part similarity are "Always Welcome," "Butcher's Row (2) (The)", "Essence of Sugar Cane" and "Old Yaller Hound." "Darky's Dream" was the repertoire of Pocahontas County, West Virginia, fiddler Burl Hammons (1908-1993), who learned it from African-American musician Grafton Lacey. An early version of the Missouri variant appears in W.H. Morris' Old Time Violin Melodies, printed in St. Joseph in 1927, and it was played by several later Missouri fiddlers such as Gene Goforth.

The original tune was picked up, relatively intact, by musicians in Ireland and appears in Frank and John Roche's early 20th century (1927) collection (although in a section headed "Old Dances, not Irish by origin"). "Darkey's Dream" was recorded in a "fox trot" medley by the Flanagan Brothers in 1930, by fiddler Michael Gorman as "Jamesy Gannon's Favorite" and by James Morrison's student, Timmy Cronin, as "Offally Favorite" in 1957.

Additional notes
Source for notated version : - Samuel Losch (Juniata County, Pa., 1930's), William Shape (elderly fiddler from Greene County, Pa., 1944) [Bayard]; Grant Lamb (Mo.) [Phillips]; Gene Goforth (1921–2002, High Ridge, near St. Louis, Mo.), who learned it from his uncle Lawrence, who had it from a French musician who lived around Potosi, Mo. [Beisswenger & McCann, Hartford/Devil's Box]; Lonnie Robertson (1908–1981, Springfield, Mo.) [Beisswenger & McCann].

Printed sources : - Bayard (Hill Country Tunes), 1944. Beisswenger & McCann (Ozarks Fiddle Music), 2008; pp. 44 and 116. Stephen F. Davis (The Devil's Box), vol. 26, No. 4, Winter 1992; p. 37. Stephen F. Davis (Devil's Box), vol. 30, No. 4, Winter 1996; p. 28 (Reprint). Phillips (Traditional American Fiddle Tunes, vol. 2), 1995; p. 38. Roche (Collection of Traditional Irish Music, vol. 3), 1927; No. 159, p. 53.

Recorded sources : - Columbia 33450-F, Flanagan Brothers - "Darkey's Dream - Fox Trot," 1930. Caney Mountain Records CEP 213 (privately issued extended play LP), Lonnie Robertson (Mo.), c. 1965–66. Columbia 599 (78 RPM), Columbia Orchestra (1902). Rounder CD0375, Lonnie Robertson – "Lonnie's Breakdown" (1996. Originally recorded 1966). Rounder , Gene Goforth - "Traditional Fiddle Music of the Ozarks vol. 1: Along the Eastern Cresent" (1999). Voyager Records VRCD-312, Grant Lamb - "Manitoba Fiddler" (1974).

See also listing at :
Jane Keefer's Folk Music Index: An Index to Recorded Sources [1].
Hear Burl Hammons' version at Slippery Hill [2]
Hear Gene Goforth's 1997 field recording by Mark Wilson at Slippery Hill [3]
Hear Grant Lamb's 1974 recording at Slippery Hill [4]

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