Derry Hornpipe (The)
X:1 T:Derry Hornpipe, The R:hornpipe H:Played with 2, 3 or 5 parts. Parts 4 and 5: see also "The Elks' Festival", #89 D:Seamus Ennis: The Fox Chase Z:id:hn-hornpipe-24 M:C| L:1/8 K:D AG|:F2Ad fdAF|G2Bd gdBG|F2Ad fdAF|E2Ac ecAG| F2Ad fdAF|G2Bd g2ag|(3faf df eAce|1 dfec dBAG:|2 dfec defg|| |:a2fd Adfa|g2ec Aceg|a2fd Adfd|(3efe (3dcB A2fg| a2fd Adfa|gfef g2ag|(3faf df eAce|1 dfec defg:|2 dfec dBAG|| |:(3FED AD BDAD|dcdf ecAG|(3FED AD BDAD|(3EFG FA G2AG| (3FED AD BDAD|dcdf ecAg|(3faf df eAce|1 dfec dBAG:|2 dfec defg|| ~a3b afdf|~g3a gece|~a3b afdf|(3efe (3dcB A2fg| ~a3b afdf|gfef gbag|(3faf df eAce|dfec defg|| ~a3b afdf|~g3a gece|fdge afbg|(3gfe (3dcB A2fg| afbf afdf|gfef gbag|fAdf eAce|dfec d2FG|| |:AFAd fedc|BGBd gfed|cAce (3agf ge|cedB A2FG| AFAd fedc|BGBd g2ag|fAdf eAce|1 dfec d2FG:|2 dfec dBAG||
DERRY HORNPIPE, THE. AKA and see "Cash's Hornpipe," "Ladies Hornpipe (1) (The)," "Londonderry Hornpipe (The)." Irish, Hornpipe. D Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AA'BB'CC'DD'EE. The name Derry is Gaelic in origin and means an oak-wood. "The Derry Hornpipe" is heard in four, five and six part versions. It was a favorite of uilleann piper John Cash, born in Wexford in 1832 and taught piping by an uncle, James Hanrahan from Tipperary. His wife, Polly Connors, had a reputation as a renowned step-dancer. Unlike many pipers of his time Cash did not have to depend solely on his music for his livelihood, and made a comfortable living tinsmithing and dealing in horses. The turn-of-the-century revival in Irish music helped sustain him, and he took first prize at the Feis Ceoil in 1900. "The Derry Hornpipe" was so associated with him that it was locally known as "Cash's Hornpipe" (Breathnach, 1997).
In a 1906 letter to Alfred Percival Graves, Francis O'Neill described how he compiled the six-part version in his Music of Ireland: "No. 1753 has a history. Bernard Delaney [the Offaly-born piper who was O'Neill's brother-in-law] introduced the tune, consisting of the first and second parts, on the Irish pipes in a masterly manner being a great favorite with dancers. Turlough McSweeney, the Donegal piper, added the fourth part. In a manuscript collection [possibly Ryan's Mammoth Collection, in which these parts appear as "The Elks' Festival"], I discovered the fifth and sixth parts. It was an old strain closely resembling the others, so its two parts were joined to the former making altogether a hornpipe of great style and variety."
See "Streams of Poulaphouca (The)." Frank Roche (1912) prints the tune under the title "Ladies Hornpipe (1) (The)." See also Londonderry Hornpipe (The) for more.