Annotation:Down the Broom

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X:1 T:Down the Broom to Joe M:C L:1/8 R:Reel N:Goodman obtained the tune from the music manuscripts of 19th century N:Dublin bookseller John O’Daly, according to Hugh & Lisa Shields. S:Rev. James Goodman music manuscript collection (vol. 2, p. 155) N:Canon Goodman was a uilleann piper and cleric who collected primarily N:in County Cork in the mid-19th century F: F:at Trinity College Dublin / Irish Traditional Music Archive Z:AK/Fiddler’s Companion K:Ador A2 BG A2 Bd|edgB AGEF|G2 BG AGBG|DEGA BA A2:| |:a2 a3 a2 ae|gaba gfef|gfge d2 ef|gded BA A2:|]

DOWN THE BROOM. AKA – "Down the Broom to Joe," "Down Through the Broom." AKA and see "Crosses of Annagh (1) (The)," "Flowers of Michigan," "Paddy Cronin's Reel (1)," Irish, Reel (cut time). A Dorian. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB (most versions): AA'BB (Mitchell). "Crosses of Annagh (1) (The)" is a closely related tune, although the second strain differs somewhat. The reel (as "Down the Broom to Joe") is contained in vol. 2 (p. 155)[1] of the large mid-19th century music manuscript collection of County Cork cleric and uilleann piper wikipedia:James_Goodman_(musicologist), which Goodman researchers Hugh and Lisa Shields find was obtained from the music manuscripts of Dublin bookseller John O'Daly, who provided them to Goodman. Around the same time a version of the reel was published in Rhode Island by fiddler and music teacher George Saunders as "Flowers of Michigan." See also Joyce's "Down Through the Broom" and the related "Corner House (1) (The)." There are some melodic similarities with the reel "Sligo Maid" (and, in Cape Breton, "Old Peter's Reel"), however, whether the tunes are cognate is debatable. Paddy O'Brien composed a variant of the tune that he called "Larry's Favourite," with a third part added.

Paddy Killoran (1904–1965), originally from Ballymote, County Sligo, recorded the tune in November, 1937, in New York for Decca Records, famously pairing it with "Gatehouse Maid (1) (The)." The pairing is still sometimes heard at Irish music sessions today. A note at the Internet Archive [2] gives that "Paddy's wife was from Miltown Malbay, Co. Clare, and the well-known fiddler Junior Crehan remembered Paddy playing these reels on visits to his wife's hometown, they being great favorites of his. These tunes were popularized by this record as well. Sean Maguire's father had a different and very nice reel he called the Gatehouse Maid as well."

"Down the Broom" has been called part of the core South Sligo repertoire, but certainly is not exclusive to the region (collected as well in south Armagh). An early recording of "Down the Broom" was by Ballybay, County Monaghan, piper Robert William "Willie" Clarke (1889–1934) for Columbia Records of London in 1928, for a series of records entitled "The Pipes of Three Nations" (which included a Highland piper and a Northumbrian small-piper). See also Francis O'Neill's variant "Jim Moore's Fancy."

Additional notes
Source for notated version : - James Goodman (1828-1896) entered the tune into his manuscript, having obtained it from the music manuscript collections of Seán Ó Dálaigh (John O'Daly, 1800-1878), the great nineteenth-century scribe; compiler and collector of manuscripts; editor; anthologist; publisher of Gaelic verse and stories and founder of societies for the publication of Gaelic literature, best-known today for his volume Poets and Poetry of Munster (1849)--O’Daly was born in the Sliabh gCua area of west Waterford and was, like Goodman, a teacher of Irish. Rev. Luke Donnellan music manuscript collection (late 19th/early 20th century, Oriel, Ulster) [O'Connor].

Printed sources : - Brody (Fiddler's Fakebook), 1983; p. 90. Bulmer & Sharpley (Music from Ireland, vol. 1), 1974; No. 1. Carlin (Master Collection), 1984; p. 73, No. 113. Cotter (Traditional Irish Tin Whistle Tutor), 1986; 64. Donnellan, Journal of the County Louth Archaeological Society, vol. 2, no. 2, 1909; No. 12. Harker (300 Tunes from Mike Rafferty), 2005; No. 144, p. 44. Miller & Perron (Irish Traditional Fiddle Music), 1977; vol. 1, No. 28. Miller & Perron (Irish Traditional Fiddle Music), 2nd Edition, 2006; p. 65. Mitchell (Dance Music of Willie Clancy), 1993; No. 77, p. 73. Moylan (Johnny O'Leary of Sliabh Luachra), 1994; 340. O'Connor (The Rose in the Gap), 2018; No. 38, p. 41. Hugh and Lisa Shields (Tunes of the Munster Pipers, vol. 2), 2013; No. 663. Taylor (Music for the Sets: Blue Book), 1995; p. 17.

Recorded sources : - Cairdeas na bhFidiléirí, CNF 005, Frank Cassidy - "Níl gar Ann!" (2008). Coleman Center CD CC004, Seamus Quinn & James McDonagh – "The Mountain Road" (1999. Various artists. "A Compilation of tunes popular in South Sligo"). Decca 12145 (78 RPM), Paddy Killoran (1937) [3]. Green Linnet 1016, The Irish Tradition – "The Corner House." Green Linnet GLCD 1128, Brendan Mulvihill & Donna Long – "The Morning Dew" (1993). Philo 1051, Boys of the Lough – "Good Friends, Good Music" (1977). Rounder 7006, Theresa and Marie MacLellan (Cape Breton) – "A Trip to Mabou Ridge."

See also listing at :
Alan Snyder's Cape Breton Fiddle Recording Index [4]
Jane Keefer's Folk Music Index: An Index to Recorded Sources [5]
Alan Ng's [6]
Hear Paddy Killoran's 1937 recording at the Internet Archive [7]

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