Galloway Tom (1)
X:1 T:Gallaway Tom  M:6/8 L:1/8 R:Country Dance B:Wright's Compleat Collection of Celebrated Country Dances (1740, p. 54) Z:AK/Fiddler's Companion K:C G|cde ede|cAA A2G|cde cde|fdd d2G| cde ede|cAA A2c|GAG AcA|cde d2|| e|gag ede|cAA A2a|gag ede|fed c2g| agf edc|AAA A2c|GAG AcA|cde d2||
GALLOWAY TOM . AKA - "Galloway Tam," "Gallaway Tom," "Gallway Tom," "Galway Tom." AKA and see "Barrochan Jean." Scottish, English; Jig. England, Northumberland. C Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB. The name Galloway comes from the Gaelic Gall Gaidel, meaning 'the land of the stranger Gaels,' but galloway is also a Scots dialect word meaning 'pony'. This tune has no musical relation to the Irish "Galloway Tom (2)." The melody first appears in print in Walsh's Third Book of the Complete Dancing Master (London, 1735, with a later edition of 1749), (Daniel) Wright's Compleat Collection of Celebrated Country Dances (London, 1740), and James Oswald's Caledonian Pocket Companion (1760). As a song it is included in Johnson's Scots Musical Museum (vol. 4, 1792, No. 325). The title appears in Henry Robson's list of popular Northumbrian song and dance tunes, which he published c. 1800. London musician Thomas Hammersley copied it into his music manuscript, as did William Vickers  in 1770. Fifer John Buttery, of the 37th Regiment (Lincolnshire), included it in his large turn-of-the-19th-century music manuscript, albeit under the title "Gallaway Jim" and designated it as a 'quick step'. In America, "Galloway Tom" appears in the music manuscript copybooks of flute player Henry Beck (1786) and fiddler George Beck (1790, Cherry Vally, N.Y.). "Galloway Tom " is a different tune than the Irish "Galway Tom," but is related to "Over the Hills and Far Awa'".