Annotation:Georgia Horseshoe

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X:1 T:Georgia Horseshoe S:Bill Hensley (1873-1960, N.C.) M:C| L:1/8 N:AEae tuning F: Z:Transcribed by Andrew Kuntz K:A EA2B ABcA|Bcdc BG3|EAAB [Ae][Af][Ae]d|BAGA B A2F:| |:E2[E2A2][A,2E2][E2A2]|Bcdc B G3|EAcd efed|BA G2 BA2:| K:Amix |:{e}a3b a2ef|gaba g3|ea2b a2+slide+cA|BABA cA3:| K:A |:+slide+[e4e4]E4|e3c BG3|[E4A2]+slide+[e3e3]c|BAGA B A3:|

Osey Helton
GEORGIA HORSESHOE. American, Reel (cut time). A Major/Mixolydian. AEae tuning (fiddle). AABBCCDD. "Georgia Horseshoe" was in the repertoire of North Carolina fiddler Bill Hensley (1873-1960), and also of his musical rival Osey Helton, who had the tune from Junalaska, a local Native-American fiddler.
Fiddlin' Bill Hensley, 1937. Photograph by Ben Shahn, 1898-1969.
Hensley also attributed the tune to Junalaska, whom he described as an "Indian chieftain during the Civil War. Bill saw the Indian when he was a small boy, and told me that his white hair hung almost to the ground"[1]. Hensley also recalled that "Snowbird on the Ashbank (4)" was also a tune that Junalaska played.

Hensley's tail is perhaps apocryphal, for Junalaska died several years before Bill was born. wikipedia:Junaluska (c. 1775-1868), or sometimes Junalaska or Junalasky, was a leader of the Cherokee who resided in western North Carolina in the early 19th century. He was removed, along with most of the tribe, on the Trail of Tears, but returned in the 1840's to North Carolina. He fought in the battle of Horseshoe Bend in 1813, and reputedly saved Andrew Jackson's life, though he later regretted doing so.

Additional notes
Source for notated version : - Bill Hensley (Canton, North Carolina) [Milliner & Koken].

Printed sources : - Milliner & Koken (Milliner-Koken Collection of American Fiddle Tunes), 2011; p. 231.

See also listing at :
Jane Keefer's Folk Music Index: An Index to Recorded Sources [1]
Hear Bill Hensley's version at Slippery Hill [2]

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  1. See David Parker Bennett's 1940 dissertation "A Study in Fiddle Tunes from Western North Carolina", UNC, Chapel Hill, p. 22 [3]