X:1 T:German Hornpipe M:2/4 L:1/8 R:Hornpipe Q:"Allegro" N:"Danced by Mr. Holland" B:John Watlen - The Celebrated Circus Tunes (Edinburgh, 1791, p. 9) Z:AK/Fiddler's Companion K:F fc Tc2|fd Td2|c2 B/A/G/F/|E/F/G/E/ C2| fc Tc2|fd Td2|cA c/B/A/G/|FF F2!fermata!:| |: EE TE2|FF TF2|BB c/B/A/G/|AcAF| EE TE2|FF FG/A/|BGFE|F2 F2:|| ecde|f/e/f/g/ fa/f/|ecde| f2 af| ecde|f/e/f/g/ fa/f/|ecde|f2f2!Da Capo!||
GERMAN HORNPIPE. German (?), Hornpipe (2/4 time). F Major (Watlen): G Major (Aird). Standard tuning (fiddle). AABBCC. The tune was first printed by John Watlen in his Celebrated Circus Tunes (Edinburgh, 1791), a reference to Edinburgh's Royal Circus, an entertainment amphitheater that was an extension of Phillip Astley's London-based Royal Circus. It provided an alternative to the theater, concerts and the opera, and featured equestrian performances, songs and dancing, acrobatics and pantomimes. Watlen notes the "German Hornpipe" was "danced by Mr Holland", and there were several period performers by that name, however, the title refers to John Holland, one of the principal dancers for the Edinburgh circus during the 1791 season. Glasgow publisher James Aird reprinted the tune five years later, along with several others from Watlen's collection, without source attribution.