Hochstet Battle

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HOCHSTET BATTLE. English, Country Dance Tune (6/4 time). A Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABCC. The melody appears in all four editions of John Young's Second Volume of the Dancing Master [1], published in London in 1710, 1714, 1718 and 1728. In the latter two editions "Northern Lass" is given as an alternate title. The melody also appears in Walsh and Hare's New Country Dancing Master, Second Book (1710), and in Walsh's Second Book of the Compleat Country Dancing-Master, editions of 1719, 1735 and 1749.

The title refers two battles in the War of the Spanish Succession, the First Battle of Höchstädt, fought in September, 1703 between the French-Bavarian forces under Marshal Villars against the Austrian army of General Limburg Styrum, and the Second Battle of Höchstädt, also known as the Battle of Blenheim. It is the latter battle, a resounding victory for William Churchill, the Duke of Marlborough, that the tune title refers to, as there are several tunes in Young's publication that refer to Marlborough's campaigns on the Continent during this period.

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