Annotation:Jack on the Green (1)

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X: 1 T:Jack of the Green [1],or... . PFD3.056 B:Playford, Dancing Master Vol 3, 2nd Ed, c1726 Z:village music project Ruairidh Greig 2015 T:Birkhead's Masque. PFD3.056 M:3/2 L:1/4 Q:1/4=150 N:Key sig. gives 3 sharps but F# is duplicated, so D not A K:D C>E D/E/F/D/E2|e/f/eE>AFE/D/|C>E D/E/F/D/E2d/c/dD>AFE/D/|| d>fe d/c/B/A/ B//c//d//B//|e/f/eE>AFE/D/|d>fed/c/B/A/ B//c//d//B//|d/c/dD>AFE/D/|| a/f/de/c/AB/c/d/B/|e/f/eE>AFE/D/|a/f/de/c/AB/c/d/B/|d/c/dD>AFE/D/|] W:The first and second starin is to be play'd twice over, and the last but once W:First Man double Figure round the 2d and 3d. Man, the first Wo. do the same on her side, 'till in W:their own places.| Foot it to one another and turn S. Then Foot it to the sides, and all four turn W:S.| First Man cast off and turn the 3d. Cu. half round, and cast up into the 2d. Cu. place .| W:Then first Wo. cast off, and turn the 3d Cu. half round, and cast up into the 2d. Cu. place:| Then W:first Cu. change places and Foot it, with their Backs to each other. Then each turn to the Right- W:hand, and change places again and Foot it, and slide up on the out-side into your own places, then W:lead thro' the 2d. Cu. and turn single.

JACK O' THE GREEN [1]. AKA - "Birkhead's Masque," "Cheshire Way (Ye)," "Parting Lovers (1) (The)." English, Jig (9/8 or 9/4 time). D Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB. The melody was first printed in the Third Volume of the Dancing Master, 2nd edition, printed in London by John Young in 1726. Young includes the alternate title "Birkhead's Masque." The dance and tune were quickly picked up by Young's competitor, John Walsh, and published in the Third Book of the The New Country Dancing Master (London, 1728) and Caledonian Country Dances, and thereafter appears in several publications, including David Rutherford's Compleat Collection of 200 of the Most Celebrated Country Dances (London, 1756) and James Oswald's Caledonian Pocket Companion (1760). The melody appears in the 1770 music manuscript copybook of William Vickers, a Northumbrian musician about whom, unfortunately, little is known; it also appears in London musician Thomas Hammersley's 1790 music manuscript copybook. See note for "Jack on the Green (2)" which gives some background on the foliate figure and custom, which may or may not have anything to do with the country dance.

It is not known for certain whom the alternate title, "Birkhead's Masque," refers to. Malcolm Douglas [1] finds that Walsh:

...apparently featured "Mr Birkhead of the Theatre Royal" as composer in his collection of 1721. Perhaps Mathew Birkhead, an actor of the period, credited with at least one published song; perhaps someone else. Thomas D'Urfey (Pills to Purge Melancholy, edition of 1719-20, vol.II p.120, prints a song "Sung in my last benefit Play by Mr. Birkhead". There was also a Henry Birkhead (1617-96) who was involved with the theatre.

Additional notes

Printed sources : - Offord (John of the Green: Ye Cheshire Way), 1985, p. 1. Thompson (Compleat Collection of 200 Favourite Country Dances, vol. 1), 1757; No. 186. Walsh (Caledonian Country Dances), c. 1745; p. 33.

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