Annotation:Jesse the Flower of Dunblane

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X:1 T:Jessie the Flower of Dumblane M:6/8 L:1/16 B:Davidson's Gems of Scottish Melody (n.d., p. 29) Z:AK/Fiddler's Companion R:Air Q:"Moderato" K:C cd|e3fe2 dg3e2|c3Bc2 dB3 cA|G3AF2 E2G2c2|c3de2 e2d2 cd| e3fe2 dg3f2|c3Bc2 dB3 cA|G3AF2 E2G2c2|d2A2B2 c4|| e2|e2c2d2 ea3g2|e2c3d e2c2d2|d2B2c2 d2g2e2|dB3 AG G4G2| c2e2d2 ec3d2|e2g2e2 fd3e2|f3ga2 ge3c2|d2A2B2 c4||

JESSE THE FLOWER OF DUNBLANE. AKA - "Jessie the Flower of Dunblane," "Jessy the Flower of Dunblane." Scottish, English; Air (6/8 time). G Major (O'Neill): D Major (Ashman, Hall & Stafford): C Major (Manson). Standard tuning (fiddle). AB (Ashman, Manson, O'Neill): AABB (Hall & Stafford). O'Neill (1922) says: "Early in the nineteenth centtury, this song was composed by a modest weaver, Robert Tannahill of Paisley, and was set to an alleged ancient Scottish melody by Robert A. Smith author of the Irish Minstrel, and the Scottish Minstrel. According to Farquhar Graham, editor of Wood's Songs of Scotland, not a few of the airs in the latter work were composed by Smith himself (who composed the "Jesse" air prior to 1816). Whatever the origin of the above melody may have been it has a decidedly Gaelic tonality." "Jesse the Flower of Dunblane" can also be found in The Union Imperial Songbook, printed in Edinburgh by A. Hogg, J. Robertson Macreide & Co., and George Cowle & Co., London, 1815.

Robert Tannahill (1774-1810)

Br. Nicholson, writing in Notes and Queries (March 5, 1892, p. 198), recalled:

I recollect only two other occasions in which a song became immediately popular. The one was 'Jessie, the Flower of Dumblane', by Tannahill, the Paisley weaver, who was had up to London and lionized, and soon quarelled with Dr. Beattie, who composed the air, and said that the song owed all its popularity to his music, while the poet claimed it for his words. This was somewhere around the year 1816, when I was a boy of eight, and I well remember the rapid diffusion of the song; everybody seemed to be singing it, or listening to it, from royalty down to the street singer.

The air can be found in several 19th century musicians' manuscript collections, such as those of multi-instrumentalist John Rook (Waverton, Cumbria, 1840) and George White (Cherry Valley, N.Y., early 19th century).

Additional notes
Source for notated version : - copied from Wood's Songs of Scotland (Edinburgh, 1848) [O'Neill]; a c. 1837-1840 MS by Shropshire musician John Moore [Ashman].

Printed sources : - Ashman (The Ironbridge Hornpipe), 1991; No. 89, p. 35. G.H. Davidson (Davidson's Gems of Scottish Melody), n.d. (c. 1830's); p. 29. Hall & Stafford (Charlton Memorial Tune Book), 1974; p. 16. Manson (Hamilton’s Universal Tune Book vol. 1), 1854; p. 98. O'Neill (Waifs and Strays of Gaelic Melody), 1922. Edward Riley (Riley's Flute Melodies vol. 1), New York, 1814; No. 273, p. 74.

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