Annotation:John Gilpin

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X:1 T:John Gilpin M:6/8 L:1/8 R:Jig N:Under section of "Dances, 1786". B:Samuel, Ann & Peter Thompson - Compleat Collection of 200 Favourite Country Dances, vol. 5 (1788, p. 26) N:" As they are Perform'd at Court, Bath and all Publick Assemblys ." Z:AK/Fiddler's Companion K:D a|aga fga|b2g efg|a2d c2d|ecA A2a| aga fga|b2g efg|a2d edc|ddd d2:| |:e|ede cde|f2f def|gag fad|ecA A2e| ede cde|fef def|g2e c2e|ddd d2:|]

JOHN GILPIN. English, Country Dance Tune or Jig (6/8 time). D Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB. "The Diverting History of John Gilpin" (1782) is the title of a comic ballad by William Cowper (1731-1800), who based his lyric on a real-life character whose exploits became legendary. Cowper heard Gilpin's story from a friend, Lady Austen. Wikipedia [1] gives:

He was said to be a wealthy draper from Cheapside in London, who owned land at Olney in Buckinghamshire, near where Cowper lived. It is likely that he was actually a Mr Beyer, a linen draper of the Cheapside corner of Paternoster Row. The poem tells how Gilpin and his wife and children became separated during a journey to the Bell Inn, Edmonton, after Gilpin loses control of his horse, and is carried ten miles further to the town of Ware. There are a number of sites commemorating the exploits of John Gilpin, most notably Gilpin's Gallop, a street in the village of Stanstead St Margarets said to be on the original route taken by the horse's unfortunate pilot.

The Ride of John Gilpin

His ballad begins:

John Gilpin was a citizen
Of credit and renown,
A train-band captain eke was he,
Of famous London town.

John Gilpin's spouse said to her dear,
"Though wedded we have been
These twice ten tedious years, yet we
No holiday have seen.

"To-morrow is our wedding-day,
And we will then repair
Unto the 'Bell' at Edmonton,
All in a chaise and pair.

The tune was also entered in the mid-19th century music manuscript of William Winter (1774-1861), a shoemaker and violin player who lived in West Bagborough in Somerset, southwest England.

Additional notes

Printed sources : - Samuel, Ann & Peter Thompson (Twenty-Four Country Dances for the Year 1786), 1786; p. 28. Samuel, Ann & Peter Thompson (Compleat Collection of 200 Favourite Country Dances, vol. 5), 1788; p. 28. Geoff Woolfe (William Winter’s Quantocks Tune Book), 2007; No. 51, p. 29 (ms. originally dated 1850).

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