John Roy Stewart (1)

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X:1 T:John Roy Stewart [1] M:C| L:1/8 R:Strathspey B:Robert Ross – Choice Collection of Scots Reels or Country Dances B:& Strathspeys (Edinburgh, 1780, p. 40) Z:AK/Fiddler’s Companion K:F f|c>BAG F/F/F A2|c<A Tc>A c<A F<f|c>BAG F/F/F A2|.D<(dTd>c) {c}d2:| f|c>d f>g a<f g<a|f<d c<A g<c c<f|c>d f>g a<f g<a|f<d Tg>f d/d/d (d<f)| c>d f>g a<f g<a|f<d Tc>A f<c c<f|a<fg<a F/F/F A2|.A>(dTd>c) {c}d2|]

JOHN ROY STEWART/STUART [1]. AKA and see "Och a bhodaich na hi ruim," "Raza's Reel." Scottish, Strathspey (whole time). D Minor (Duff, Lowe, Petrie, Ross): E Minor (Aird, McGlashan). Standard tuning (fiddle). AB (Surenne): AAB (Athole, Gow, Honeyman, Lowe, Ross, Skye): AABB' (Kerr): ABCD (Glen, McGlashan): AABCD (Skinner). Composed by Alexander McGlashan (1740-1797), who was nicknamed 'King' for his attention to extravagant apparel. Hardie (1992) says he has the "two-fold distinction" of having taught violin to Nathaniel Gow and employing him as a cellist in his dance band. John Glen (1891) finds the tune first in print in McGlashan's collection. John Roy Stewart was a Jacobite agent and a descendant of "The Wolf of Badenoch;" he was the last person to be knighted by the Old Pretender. Paul Stewart Cranford suggests (as did Francis O'Neill before him) that this tune was the progenitor of the "Maude Millar's Highland"/"Julia Delaney (1)" tune family in Ireland.

The tune was included in the John Rook ms., 1840; Rook was a musician from Waverton, Cumbria. Islay fiddler-composer Alexander Mackay printed a version in his c. 1822 collection under the title "Och a bhodaich na hi ruim."

Additional notes

Printed sources : - Aird (Selections of Scotch, English, Irish and Foreign Airs, vol. 3), 1788; No. 453, p. 176. Anonymous (A Companion to the Reticule), 1833; p. 9. Joshua Campbell (A Collection of New Reels & Highland Strathspeys), Glasgow, 1789; p. 17. Archibald Duff (Collection of Strathspey Reels &c.), 1794; p. Glen (The Glen Collection of Scottish Dance Music vol. 1), 1891; p. 22. Gow (Complete Repository, Part 1), 1799; p. 26. Honeyman (Strathspey, Reel and Hornpipe Tutor), 1898; p. 25. Hardie (Caledonian Companion), 1992; p. 58. Kerr (Merry Melodies, vol. 2), c. 1880's; No. 183, p. 21. Joseph Lowe (Lowe's Collection of Reels, Strathspeys and Jigs, book 1), 1844–1845; p. 19. MacDonald (The Skye Collection), 1887; p. 150. McGlashan (Collection of Strathspey Reels), c. 1780/81; p. 30 (appears as "John Roy Stewart's Reel"). Robert Petrie (Second Collection of Strathspey Reels and Country Dances), 1796; p. 20. Robert Ross (Choice Collection of Scots Reels or Country Dances & Strathspeys), Edinburgh, 1780; p. 40. Skinner (Harp and Claymore), 1904; p. 122. Stewart-Robertson (The Athole Collection), 1884; p. 208. Surenne (Dance Music of Scotland), 1852; pp. 130-131.

Recorded sources : - Alan Snyder's Cape Breton Fiddle Recording Index [1]
Jane Keefer's Folk Music Index: An Index to Recorded Sources [2]

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