X: 1 T:Kershaw's Hornpipe M:4/4 L:1/8 S:Anne Gilchrist's 1910 Trnscptn of Joseph Kershaw's 1820 Ms Z:Johnny Adams - Village Music Project K:D (3ABc | dfdf ecAc | dBGB AFDF | GBAc Bged | c2 A2 A2 (3ABc | dA A2 eAA2 | fefg aAAc | BdGB AFGE | D2 D2 D2 :| |: (3ABc| dAdA FDFA | BGDG BGdB | gefd ecdB | Afed cBAG | Fd d2 Ge e2| Af f2 Bg g2 | fafd Bgec | d2 d2 d2 : |]
KERSHAW'S HORNPIPE. AKA and see: "Back of the Haggard (1)," "Black's Hornpipe (2)," "Duke's Hornpipe (1)," "Lady Flashdash Hornpipe," "Loyalist Hornpipe," "Miss Manner's Hornpipe." English, Hornpipe (whole time). England, North-West. D Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AB (Kershaw): AABB (Barber, Knowles). From Joseph Kershaw (Slackote, Saddleowrth, east of Manchester) who compiled his ms. around 1820 (judging from a watermark dated 1817, according to Anne Gilchrist's 1910 finding). The Kershaw manuscript now resides in the Vaughan Williams Memorial Library at Cecil Sharp House, London. The tune appears in the manuscript of Joshua Burnett of Worsborough, south Yorkshire (active around 1830-1850) as "Kershaw's Hornpipe." Jamie Knowles suggests that it could have been written by Kershaw, as claimed by a later note in his manuscript book, however, the tune appears in John Clare's (1793-1864) manuscript (from around the same period or a bit later) under the title "Duke's Hornpipe," and in the decidedly earlier John Miller (Perth, Scotland) manuscript (1799) as "Black's Hornpipe." Langdale, Cumbria, fiddler William Irwin had it in his 1838 manuscript as "Loyalist Hornpipe," and an untitled version appears in the 19th century music manuscripts of the Welch family (Bosham, Sussex). North Yorkshire fiddler and architect Lawrence Leadley (1827-1897) included it in his mid-19th century music manuscript copybook as "Lady Flashdance." All of these variants seem to have been descended, at least in the first strain, from William Gow's "Mrs. Dundas of Arniston."
"Back of the Haggard (1)" is a later title, well-known in Ireland, and there are other Irish versions as well (see note for "Back of the Haggard (1)"). The first strain appears cognate with the "Jaunting Car" family of tunes.