Kingdom of Fife (The)
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KINGDOM OF FIFE, THE. Scottish, Country Dance Tune (9/8 time). G Mixoldyian (Young): G Major. (Johnson). Standard tuning (fiddle). AAB. This melody appears in the Bodleian Manuscript (in the Bodleian Library, Oxford), inscribed "A Collection of the Newest Country Dances Performed in Scotland written at Edinburgh by D.A. Young, W.M. 1740." Scottish musician and dancing master David Young also included it in another of his large manuscript collections, the MacFarlane Manuscript (c. 1740, No. 25), produced around the same time as his Bodleian MS. The 9/8 jig was also published in John Johnson's Choice Collection of 200 Favourite Country Dances, vol. 3 (London, 1744, No. 148), and in John Walsh's Compleat Country Dancing-Master, volume the Fifth (London, 1754).
According to Wikipedia, it is customarily held that the old county of Fife, located in eastern Scotland between the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Tay, was one of the major Pictish kingdoms, known as Fib. This assertion is now thought to have been a medieval invention, and not a real Pictish kingdom. The earliest known reference to 'The Kingdom of Fife' dates from only 1678, and may have derived from quasi-regal privileges of the Earl of Fife. However, the region is still commonly known as the Kingdom of Fife within Scotland.
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