Kirkgate Hornpipe (2)
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KIRKGATE HORNPIPE . AKA and see "Newcastle Hornpipe (2)." English, Hornpipe. England, Yorkshire. G Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB. No relation to "Kirkgate Hornpipe (1)," although the two were found in a manuscript dated 1818 in which this tune was called "Newcastle Hornpipe." Kidson notes it is not the "Newcastle Hornpipe" which usually bears the title, yet it appears in a large number of 19th century music manuscripts under the "Newcastle" or "New Castle" title. Like "Kirkgate Hornpipe (1)," Kidson notes the tune "used to be at one period greatly popular in Leeds.". Kidson found the tune, with the "Kirkgate Hornpipe" title, in another manuscript of a slightly later date. He may be referring to the George Spencer (Leeds, West Yorkshire) music manuscript collection, dated 1831, in which the "Kirkgate Hornpipe " appears. Under the "Newcastle" title the melody appears in the 19th century music manuscript collections of Joshua Gibbons (Market Rasen, Linclonshire), the Welch Family (Bosham, Sussex), Joseph Kershaw (Oldham, E. Lancashire), William Thomas Green (Northumberland), Docker, W. Cock's Anon. (Northumberland), William Calvert (Leyburn, north Yorkshire), James Winder (Wyresdale, Lancashire), Bewick (Northumberland), William Hall Lister (East Boldon, near Newcastle), and Joshua Burnet (Worsborough, south Yorkshire) [Callaghan, 2007].
Source for notated version: the c. 1820 music manuscript collection of Joseph Kershaw (Saddleworth) [Knowles].
Printed sources: Callaghan (Hardcore English), 2007; p. 19. Knowles (The Joseph Kershaw Manuscript), 1993; No. 36. Kidson (Old English Country Dances), 1890; p. 25.