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KNEEBUCKLE, THE (An bucla-gluine). Irish, Double Jig. A Mixolydian. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB.
A 'kneebuckle' is a buckle used to fasten knee breeches at or just below the knee, commonly worn in the 18th century to hold the breeches tightly above (or, about 1780, below) the knee and also hold up the stockings. By the end of the century the buckle (which had grown progressively larger) was supplanted by ties at the knees.
Source for notated version: Abram Sweetman Beamish, a native of the adjoining parish to that of Caheragh, County Cork, where Francis O'Neill was born. Although O'Neill got seven tunes from Beamish, only the "Fairhaired Boy (1) (The)" and "Tie the Bonnet" were previously known to him despite their common place of origin [O'Neill].
Printed sources: O'Neill (Krassen), 1976; pg. 43. O'Neill (Music of Ireland: 1850 Melodies), 1903; No. 927, p. 172. O'Neill (Dance Music of Ireland: 1001 Gems), 1907; No. 160, p. 41.