Annotation:Life on the Ocean Wave

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X:1 T:Life on the Ocean Wave, A M:6/8 L:1/8 R:Country Dance Tune B:Kerr - Merry Melodies vol. 1 (c. 1875, No. 2, p. 28) Z:AK/Fiddler's Companion K:D A|ABc d2e|f3-fde|fef g2f|e3-e2c| A2c e2f|g3-ffg|b2a gfe|d3-d2:|| d/c/|B2c d2e|f3-fdc|B2c d2 e|f3-f2f| fff fff|fff fff|g3-(g/f/e/d/c/B/)|Ace a2!D.C.!||

Henry Russell

LIFE ON THE OCEAN WAVE, A. AKA – "Ocean Waves (1)." AKA and see "Niger's Quadrille (5)," "Over the Ocean Waves," "After the Ball is Over." English (originally), American; Song Tune, March, Waltz and Quadrille. USA; very widely known. C Major (): G Major (Bégin). Standard tuning (fiddle). One part (Bégin): ABB. The tune was composed by Henry Russell [1] (1813–1900) in 1838, with words by Epps Sargeant, after the two had strolled along The Battery in New York harbor and watched the ships come in. Russell was born into a Jewish family (he was the great-nephew of the British Chief Rabbi Solomon Hirschel) in Kent, England, but lived in America from 1835–1841.

The song's title comes from the opening words. The melody is the regimental march of the Royal Marines (Winstock, 1970), and, in the United States, it is the official march of the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy. In southwestern Pennsylvania it was played as both a waltz and a quadrille, the first strain remaining the most intact (Bayard, 1981). Mark Wilson (liner notes to Rounder 0529) explains the term 'quadrille' was applied to 6/8 tunes in America, "although they can properly represent only fragments of a true, multi-parted quadrille. The specialized employment of the term 'jig' for a piece in 6/8 is of fairly recent vintage (although the term itself is ancient) and, in any case, the Midwestern 'quadrilles' are not phrased in conventional jig time." The tune title appears in a list of traditional Ozark Mountain fiddle tunes compiled by musicologist/folklorist Vance Randolph, published in 1954. The melody was adapted as a 'singing call' for square dances, beginning "First two ladies/gents cross over," widely known in the United States, which Paul Gifford dates to the 1880's. "Way to Judique" is a related tune.

A version of the tune appears as "A Life by de Galley Fire" in The Complete Preceptor for the Banjo (1851, p. 12), a volume written by Elias Howe, whose pseudonym Gumbo Chaff was taken from Thomas Dartmouth Rice's 1834 blackface character. Howe sold the rights to the tutor and others of his publications to another Boston publisher, Oliver Ditson, who purchased them with the proviso that Howe not published similar works for ten years. Ditson reprinted the Gumbo Chaff tutor in 1851, and also used the same material in a violin tutor of 'Ethiopian melodies', printed the same year.

Additional notes
Source for notated version : - Bradley Grimshaw (northern N.Y., 1958), Harmon McCullough (Indiana County, Pa., 1959), Fred Miller & Glenn Gelnette (Jefferson County, Pa., 1949), Harry Waugh (elderly fiddler from Jefferson County, Pa., 1949) [Bayard]; Art Coss (Woodland Valley, Catskill Mtns., New York) [Cazden]; fiddler Dawson Girdwood (Perth, Ottawa Valley, Ontario) [Bégin].

Printed sources : - Adam (Old Time Fiddlers' Favorite Barn Dance Tunes), 1928; No. 30. Bayard (Dance to the Fiddle), 1981; No. 637A-C, pgs. 561-562. Bégin (Fiddle Music in the Ottawa Valley), 1985; No. 77, pg. 86. Cazden (Dances from Woodland), 1945; p. 8. Cazden (Dances from Woodland), 1955; p. 32. DeVille (The Concertina and How to Play It), 1905; No. 108, p. 41. Ford (Traditional Music in America), 1940; p. 33. Jarman, (Old Time Fiddlin' Tunes), 1951; No. or p. 9. Kerr (Merry Melodies, vol. 1); p. 28. Shaw (Cowboy Dances), 1943; p. 380. Williamson (English, Welsh, Scottish and Irish Fiddle Tunes), 1976; p. 68.

Recorded sources : - Rounder 0529, Dwight Lamb – "Hell Agin the Barn Door" (2005. Appears as "Over the Ocean Waves Quadrille"). Learned by Dwight's father, a fiddler named Clarence, from a friend, Bill Gray).

See also listing at :
Jane Keefer's Folk Music Index: An Index to Recorded Sources [2]

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