Mary O'Neill (1)

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X:1 T:Carolan's Favorite Jig M:6/8 L:1/8 R:Air B:Stanford/Petrie (1905, No. 981) Z:AK/Fiddler's Companion K:D A|dAG F2D|{EF}G2E F2D|dAG F2D|ECE GFE| dAG F2D|{EF}G2E F2D|GAB =cBA|GE=C {EF}G2E| f2d d/e/fd|afd e/f/ge|f2d d/e/fd|gec efg| fed edc|d=cB cBA|GAB =cBA|GE=C E/F/GE|| FED {F}d2D|FED {F}d2D|FED {F}d2D|GEC E/F/GE| FED d2D|e2A f2D|g2A f2D|GE=C E/F/GE||

MARY O'NEILL [1]. AKA - "Planxty Mary O'Neill." AKA and see "Carolan's Favorite Jig," "Horse in the Pound," "Humors of Dublin (2) (The)," "Rutland Jig (The)." Irish, Air (6/8 time). D Mixolydian (Complete Collection): D Major/Mixolydian (O'Neill, Stanford/Petrie). Standard tuning (fiddle). ABC. Composed by blind Irish harper Turlough O'Carolan (1670-1738).

Turlough O'Carolan

The tune appears in the James Goodman manuscript (vol. IV, p. 1) as "Horse in the Pound," and as "Carolan's Favorite Jig" in Stanford/Petrie (1905). Breathnach (1996) gives a County Leitrim title as "Rutland Jig (The)." Further afield the melody was printed by the Gows in their Complete Repository (1799, vol. 1, 36) under the title "Humors of Dublin (2) (The)." Francis O'Neill (1903) added the "Planxty Mary O'Neill" title, but took his tune directly from Petrie, where it is called "Carolan's Favorite Jig". O'Sullivan (1958) says, "I do not know where [O'Neill] obtained his title, but it is probably correct, since Carolan's poem on Mary O'Neill is suited to the tune. It is stated in the opening line that she was a daughter of one Henry (O'Neill); but beyond this nothing is known about her" (p. 273).

Additional notes

Printed sources : - Complete Collection of Carolan's Irish Tunes, 1984; No. 137, p. 97. Mulvihill (1st Collection), 1986; No. 3, p. 118 (as "Planxty O'Neill"). O'Neill (Krassen), 1976; p. 235. O'Neill (Music of Ireland: 1850 Melodies), 1903; No. 662, p. 119. Stanford/Petrie (Complete Collection), 1905; No. 981, p. 250 (appears as "Carolan's Favorite Jig"). Sullivan (Carolan: The Life, Times and Music of an Irish Harper), 1958; No. 137, p. 175.

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