Annotation:Military Schottische

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X:1 T:Military Schottische M:2/4 L:1/8 R:Schottische S:Ford - Traditional Music in America (1940) Z:AK/Fiddler's Companion K:G (B/c/)|db ca|Bg g/d/B/G/|Af f/e/d/c/|Bg g>dB>c| db ca|Bg g/d/B/G/|Af f/d/c/A/|[GB][GB][GB]|| G(A/B/) (c/d/)(e/f/)|g(B/c/)d2|e(c/d/) c(B/c/)|d(G/A/) B2| G(A/B/) (c/d/)(e/f/)|g(B/c/) d2|eA/B/ c/B/c/A/|[GB][GB][GB]|| K:C e/f/|g/f/g/a/ ge|cc c/G/E/C/|DB B/G/F/D/|Cc c/G/c/e/| g/f/g/a/ ge|cc c/G/E/C/|DB B/G/F/D/|[CE][CE][CE]||

MILITARY SCHOTTISCHE. AKA and see "Pretty Baby," "National Schottische," "Russische Polka," "Texas Schottische," "Doppelpolka." American, Schottische or Polka. G Major ('A' and 'B' parts) & C Major ('C' part) {Ford}: D Major ('A' part) & A Major ('B' and 'C' parts) {Phillips}. Standard tuning (fiddle). ABCA (Ford): AABBC (Phillips). An international tune known either as a polka, schottische or barn dance. The melody is part of a very large tune family, with the exception of the third part which appears to follow the early 19th century convention of many marches and other martial tunes in that it was added as a contrast, or filler, for the main melody(s). Many of these third parts, usually in different keys, are called 'trio' parts. The German collector Boehme (1886) gives the note "known in 1842, very popular up to 1860," and printed it in his collection as "Russische Polka" (No. 257, pp. 162-163). Kerr's also gives the tune a German provenance, as it is listed in vol. 1 of Merry Melodies (c. 1880) simply under the title "German Schottische" (where it is the second part of a duet, juxtaposed with "Home Sweet Home"). The 'A' part of the tune "Snyder's Clock" is also the same. The first two parts are also closely related to the "Glenbeigh Hornpipe" family of tunes.

Illustration from the sheet music of the Hungarian Schottische

The title "Military Schottische", rather than being the name of the tune, is the name of the dance for which this tune was an accompaniment; thus a number of tunes have been called "Military Schottische" due to association. The dance the Military Schottische is also known Barn Dance, Kentucky Jubilee, and Society Pas de Quatre, and was popular in America in the 1880's. The schottische was a dance introduced to Europe in the 1850's, but was modified from turning figures to primarily advancing promenade figures (hence 'Military' schottische).

Alan Jabbour recorded a distanced version of the tune from fiddler Henry Reed (Glen Lyn, Va.) in 1967. Mr. Reed called the tune "Jawbone" (although he called another, similar, tune "Jawbone" as well). The field recording can be heard at the Library of Congress site [1].

Additional notes

Printed sources : - Ford (Traditional Music in America), 1940; p. 160. Phillips (Traditional American Fiddle Tunes, vol. 2), 1995; p. 86.

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