Annotation:Miners of Wicklow (The)

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X:1 T:Miners of Wicklow, The M:6/8 L:1/8 R:Jig B:Aird - Selection of Scotch, English, Irish and Foreign Airs, vol. 1 (1782, No. 23, p. 9) Z:AK/Fiddler's Companion K:D d|F2A A2=c|BGB AFA|BGE EFG|AFD DED| F2A A2=c|BGB AFA|(B/c/d)B (c/d/e)c|d3 d2:| |:g|fdf fdf|ece ece|fdf fdf|g3 a2g| fdf fdf|ecA ABA|(B/c/d)B (c/d/e)c|d3 d2:|]

MINERS OF WICKLOW, THE ("Na Tocalaide Ua Cill-Mantain" or "Mianairea Cille Meanntain"). AKA and see "Lassie of Gowrie (The)," "Paddy O’Flynn," "Wicklow's March (The)," "Nolan the Soldier." Irish, Double Jig (6/8 time). D Major (Hime. O'Flannagan, O'Neill, Huntingdon): F Major (Bunting). Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB (Hime, O'Flannagan): AA'BB'. Bunting includes the tune as an air in his third volume, The Ancient Music of Ireland (1840), but it was first published in Glasgow by James Aird, in his first volume of Selection of Scotch, English, Irish and Foreign Airs (1782). The tune appears in the mid-19th century music manuscript collection of County Cork uilleann piper and Church of Ireland cleric James Goodman [1]. Uilleann piper Patsy Tuohey recorded the jig in 1919.

The Wicklow Mountains are granite formations formed by the collision of continental plates. As the rock cooled cracks formed, which were filled with mineral dense hot fluids, that eventually formed veins of metal ore. Lead and zinc were the most common ores to be mined, although silver was also extracted. Mines in the Glendalough area date to the 1790's, and soon after Irish Rebellion of 1798 the 1798 a rich vein of lead ore in the Glendasan valley. Aird's publication predates these enterprises, however, so there was obviously mining activity in the Wicklow Mountains prior to this, and in fact, metals have been extracted from the Wicklows since the Bronze age, when copper was the primary ore sought. Lead mines came to the Vale of Avoca in the 1750's [2], and it is perhaps these to which the title refers.

John McFadden and James Early

Additional notes
Source for notated version : - the playing partners of Chicago police Sergeant James Early and John McFadden, a piper and fiddler from adjoining counties in the province of Connaght [O'Neill]; the Irish collector Edward Bunting obtained the melody from "Macdonnell, piper in 1797."

Printed sources : - Aird (Selection of Scotch, English, Irish and Foreign Airs, vol. 1), 1782; No. 23, p. 9. Aird (Selection of Scotch, English, Irish and Foreign Airs vol. 4), 1796; No. 28, p. 11. Bunting (Ancient Music of Ireland), 1840; No. 102, p. 76. Feldman & O'Doherty (The Northern Fiddler), 1979; p. 231 (2nd tune, untitled). Bunting (Ancient Music of Ireland), 1840; p. 76. P.M. Haverty (One Hundred Irish Airs, vol. 2), 1858; No. 119, pp. 54–55. Hime (Forty Eight Original Irish Dances Never Before Printed with Basses, vol. 1), Dublin, 1804; No. 21. Holden (A Collection of Old Established Irish Slow and Quick Tunes, vol. 1), p. 6. Hughes (Gems from the Emerald Isle), London, 1867, No. 1, p. 2. Huntingdon (William Litten's Fiddle Tunes, 1800–1802), 1977; p. 29. Levey (Dance Music of Ireland, 1st Collection), 1858; No. 25, pp. 10–11. McGown (Repository of Scots and Irish Airs), c. 1800. O'Flannagan (The Hibernia Collection), 1860; p. 9. O'Neill (Krassen), 1976; p. 50. O'Neill (Music of Ireland: 1850 Melodies), 1903; No. 995, p. 185. O'Neill (Dance Music of Ireland: 1001 Gems), 1986; No. 210, p. 49. O'Sullivan/Bunting (Bunting's Ancient Music of Ireland), 1983; No. 102, pp. 148–149. Robbins (Collection of 200 Jigs, Reels, and Country Dances), 1933; No. 175, p. 56.

Recorded sources : - Na Píobairí Uilleann NPU CD 001, "The Piping of Patsy Touhey" (2005).

See also listing at :
Jane Keefer's Folk Music Index: An Index to Recorded Sources [3]
Alan Ng's [4]

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