Annotation:Miss Fetherston

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MISS FETHERSTON. AKA and see "Carolan's Devotion" (Brabhadh Cearbhallain), "O'Carolan's Devotion (2)." Irish, Air or Planxty (3/4 time, "animated"). G Minor (O'Neill): G Dorian (Complete Collection, O’Sullivan). Standard tuning (fiddle). AAB. Composed by the Irish harper Turlough O'Carolan, most likely in 1720 or 1721 (though Bunting gives dates of "about 1700" and, elsewhere, 1690). Walker (in Irish Bards), on authority of harper Charles O'Connor, relates the tale of the composition of the tune. It seems that a Miss Fetherston, of County Longford, chanced upon O'Carolan one Sunday on the way to Mass and, knowing of his fame and admiring his music, she introduced herself and invited him to visit her house. He promised to do so, and while at Mass, "instead of praying for Miss Fetherston as she requested, he neglected his religious duties to compose a song for her." It was the only time O'Carolan wrote words in English, "an act of poetic gallantry, as the young lady did not understand Irish." O'Sullivan (1983) thinks it probable that Miss Fetherston was a sister of Thomas Fetherston of Ardagh, near Edgeworthstown, County Longford, who married about 1709.

Turlough O'Carolan

In an interesting aside O'Sullivan relates that the young Oliver Goldsmith visited the town of Ardagh and inquired as to the whereabouts of the local inn. A practical joker gave him directions of Squire Fetherston's house (probably a brother or nephew of O'Carolan's Miss Fetherston, says O'Sullivan), where he comported himself as if he were at an inn, ordering dinner and magnanimously inviting the Squire and his daughter to join him at his table. "It was this incident that suggested the plot of 'She Stoops to Conquer.'"

Source for notated version: the Neale's Collection of the Most Celebrated Irish Tunes (Dublin, c. 1726) [O'Sullivan/Carolan].

Printed sources: Complete Collection of Carolan's Irish Tunes, 1984; No. 48, p. 50. Neale (A Collection of the Most Celebrated Irish Tunes), c. 1726; p. 22. O'Neill (Krassen), 1976; p. 228. O'Neill (Music of Ireland: 1850 Melodies), 1903; No. 631, p. 112. O'Neill (Irish Minstrels and Musicians), 1913; p. 74 (as "O'Carolan's Devotion"). O'Sullivan/Bunting (Bunting's Ancient Music of Ireland), 1983; No. 73, pp. 114–116. O'Sullivan (Carolan: The Life, Times and Music of an Irish Harper), 1958; No. 48, p. 128.

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