Old Molly Hare

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X:1 % T:Old Molly Hare L:1/8 M:2/2 B:Winston Wilkinson, Southern Folklore Quarterly, vol. VI, no. 1, p. 5. S:James H. "Uncle Jim" Chisholm (Greenwood, Albermarle County, Va.) K:D abaf b2b2|gage a4|fdfa gfed|1 cABc d2fg:|2 cABc d4|| |:fdfa g2eg|fafd B4|fdfa gfed|cABc d4| Ad2d d2a2|gfed cdec|defa gfed|1 cdef d2d2:|2 cdef d4||



Old Molly Hare illustration by Barbara Cooney

OLD MOLLY HARE. AKA and see "Blue Eagle Rag," "Fisher Laddie," "Grandma Blair," "Molly Hare," "Largo's Fairy Dance," "Old Granny Blair," "Rustic Dance (1)," "Fairy Reel (1) (The)" (Ire.). Old-Time, Breakdown. USA; Widely known. G Major (Brody): D Major (most versions). ADae (Clayton McMichen) or Standard tunings (fiddle). AB (Silberberg): AABB (Brody, Ford, Krassen, Phillips): ABBA'BCA"B' (Reiner & Anick). The widespread "Old Molly Hare" is an American descendant of Scottish fiddler-composer Nathaniel Gow's (1763–1831) reel "Largo's Fairy Dance," composed for the 'movable feast' of the Fife Hunt Ball in 1802. It is known as "Fisher Laddie" in northern England, where it appears in a collection of Northern English sword dance tunes by Cecil Sharp. The "Old Molly Hare" song and title appears to be strictly American in origin. Musicologist Charles Wolfe (1991) believed it to have been a minstrel piece that went into oral tradition among both blacks and whites. Various ditties or rhymes have been sung to it, including 'floating' verses:

(You) country coon, you come here soon;
The girls won't be here till tomorrow afternoon ..... (John Powell, quoted by Winston Wilkinson)

Old Molly Hare, what you doin' there,
Diggin' out a post hole and scratchin' out yore hair? ..... (Ford)

Old Molly Hare, whatcha doin' thar,
Running through the cotton patch, as far as I can tear.

Old Molly Hare, whatcha doin' thar,
Sittin' in the corner, smoking a cigar.

Old Molly Hare, watcha doin' there,
Run through the country, run like a hare. .... (Riley Puckett/Reiner & Anick)


African-American collector Thomas Talley, writing in his book Negro Folk Rhymes (reprinted in 1991, edited by Charles Wolfe), prints the following lyric:

Ole Molly har', whats you doin' thar?
"I'se settin' in de fence corner, smokin' seegyar."

Ole Molly har', what's you doin' thar?
"I'se pickin' out a br'or, settin' on a Pricky-p'ar."

Ole Molly har', what's you doin' thar?
"I'se gwine cross de Cotton Patch, hard as I can t'ar."

Molly har' today, so dey all say,
Got her pipe o' clay, jis to moke de time 'way.

"De dogs say 'boo!' An' dey barks too,
I hain't got no time fer to talk to you.


Ford (1940) relates an improbable story he had from a man who had been a noted caller of old-time dances when he was younger, around the 1870's or 1880's. According to him the settlers of the Missouri/Kansas prairie region plagued by rodent holes, especially rabbits, which were a hazard to cattle or horses. There was a boon to the burrows, however, as they could by used for fence posts, saving the homesteader the arduous labor of digging another hole to set his post. Usually, says Ford, the settlers as a matter of pride took great pains to set their posts in a straight line. There was however, one character in the community, "whose ingenious efforts to avoid over-exertion were a constant source of amusement to his friends and neighbors."

When he built his fence he was not particular about a straight line. He selected rows of rabbit holes, set his posts, strung the wire and had his fencing done in no time at all. But the result was even more erratic than he had anticipated. He was surveying the completed work one day when several neighbors, coming in from the range, rode up. They took one look at the fence and then had their usual laugh, to poor old John's embarrassment. 'John', said one, in a voice of suppressed amusement, 'how much liquor does it take to the mile, to build a fence like that?' 'Well,' said John, scratching his head, 'I hadn't calculated fer it to be a worm fence. Reckon though, if I had a still hitched to it and the neighbors pourin' cold water along, like they do on all my honest endeavors, you fellers 'ud be down at t'other end of the fence holdin' yer cups to ketch the whiskey!' As soon as the laughter had subsided over John's turning the tables, the neighbor added: 'Anyhow, you certainly did get your fencing done in a hurry, John. Did you have any help?' 'Yes and no,' was the reply. 'I sort of took advantage of Mother Nature on part of the work. Old Molly Hare dug the post holes—but me and the mules had to set the posts and string the wire!' It was shortly after this episode that the above-mentioned verse appeared, and began to be used by callers when the tune 'Old Molly Hare' was played.


The tune was recorded for the Library of Congress by musicologist/folklorist Vance Randolph from Ozarks Mountains fiddlers in the early 1940's; also recorded for the Library of Congress in 1939 by Herbert Halpert from the playing of Tishomingo County, Mississippi, fiddler W.E. Claunch and Meridian, Mississippi, fiddler W.A. Bledsoe (who was originally from Tennessee). It was a tune in the repertoire of fiddler and Confederate veteran Arnold A. Parrish (Willow Springs, Wake County, N.C.), as recorded by the old Raleigh News and Observer. Parrish was a contestant at fiddler's conventions held in Raleigh prior to World War I. The tune/song appears in several older collections: Brown (3:211–213), collected mostly from black informants; Richardson (American Mountain Songs) and Randolph (2:359) contain versions from white sources, the latter from the Ozarks Mountains. See also Estill Bingham's (1899–1990) interesting Kentucky variant "Old Granny Blair." The North Georgia band The Skillet Lickers played the tune once through in their skit-medley "Prosperity and Politics Part 1" (1934) under the title "Blue Eagle Rag," named in honor of Roosevelt's New Deal programs (whose symbol was a blue eagle).



Additional notes

Source for notated version: - New Lost City Ramblers [Brody]: Clayton McMichen (Atlanta, Ga) [Phillips]. Also in the repertoire of Uncle Eck Dunford (Galax, Va.) (See Library of Congress recording).

Printed sources : - Brody (Fiddler's Fakebook), 1983; p. 207. S. Johnson (Kitchen Musician No. 4: Fine Tunes), 1983 (revised 1991, 2001); p. 5. Kaufman (Beginning Old Time Fiddle), 1977; p. 47. Krassen (Appalachian Fiddle), 1973; p. 31. Phillips (Fiddle Case Tunebook: Old Time Southern), 1989; p. 31. Reiner & Anick (Old Time Fiddling Across America), 1989; pp. 110–111. Silberberg (Fiddle Tunes I Learned at the Tractor Tavern), 2002; p. 111.

Recorded sources: - Brunswick 291 (78 RPM), The Crockett Family (1928. A Kentucky group). Columbia 15295 (78 RPM), Riley Puckett & Clayton McMichen (1928). County 507, Clayton McMichen. County 527, Clayton McMichen – "Old Time Fiddle Classics, Vol. II." Folkways FA 2395, New Lost City Ramblers – "Vol. 5." Okeh 45268 (78 RPM), Fiddlin' Cowan Powers (1928. Powers, 1877–1952? was from Russell County, Va., and learned the tune from family tradition). Rounder 0058, Haywood Blevins – "Old Originals, vol. II." Recorded for the Library of Congress, 1939, by W.A. Bledsoe (Meridian, Mississippi). Also in repertoire of the Kimble Family from Patrick County, S.W. Va.


See also listings at:
Jane Keefer's Folk Music Index: An Index to Recorded Sources [1]
Alan Ng's Irishtune.info [2]
Hear/see the tune played at a jam on youtube.com [3]
Hear Mississippi fiddler Ernest Claunch's 1939 field recording at Slippery Hill [4]
Hear the Crockett Family's recording at Slippery Hill [5]
Hear Riley Puckett and Clayton McMichen's 1928 recording on youtube.com [6]


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