X:1 T:Ploughman's Reel, The S:William Vickers music manuscript collection (1770, Northumberland) M:C| L:1/8 R:Reel Z:AK/Fiddler's Companion K:G (G/A/B/c/)dc BGGB|(G/A/B/c/) dB AFFA|(G/A/B/c/) dB ecdB|cAfc AFFA:| |:(B/c/d) gd BGGA|(B/c/d) gd AFFA|(B/c/d) gd ecdB|cAfc AFFA:|
PLOUGHMAN'S REEL. AKA and see "Clodun Reel," "Duke of Cumberland's Reel," "Duke's Reel (1)." English, Reel. England; Cumbria, Northumberland. G Mixolydian. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB. The tune was entered into the 1760s music manuscript collection of Joseph Barnes (Carlisle, Cumbria) as "Duke's Reel (1)" and the 1840 music manuscript collection of multi-instrumentalist John Rook (Waverton, near Wigton, Cumbria) as "Duke of Cumberland's Reel." The Duke, Prince William Augustus  (1721-1765), was in command of the British forces that defeated Prince Charles Stuart's army at the Battle of Culloden, 1746. However, the earliest appearance of the reel is in Robert Bremner's 1757 collection as "Clodun Reel."