Annotation:Queen of Hearts (3) (The)

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X:1 T:Queen of Hearts [3], The M:6/4 L:1/8 S:John Young – Dancing Master (London, 1719) K:A A4A2 A4a2|g4f2 e4a2|g4f2 e2f2g2|f2a2c2 B4c2| B4A2 G2A2|B6 B2d2c2|B4A2G4A2|(B6 B4)c2| d4 d2d2e2f2|d2f2e2 c4B2|c4c2 c2d2e2|(f2e2) dc B2c2d2| e4 z2 G4z2|F4G2A2d2c2|B2A2G2 F4E2|(E6 E4)|| E2|B4 B2 B2c2A2|(G6 G4)B2|e4 e2 e3f ed|(c6 c4)c2| f4ga a2g2f2|^e4c2 f4g2|a2g2f2c2f2^e2|(f6 f4)g2| a4a2 a3b ag|f4f2 f4e2|d2f2d2 c2e2c2|(B6 B4)c2|B4A2 G4A2| (B6 B4)c2|d2f2d2 c2d2c2|B2a2g2 f2b2f2|e2d2c2 B4A2|(A6 A6)||

QUEEN OF HEARTS [3], THE. English, Country Dance Tune (6/4 time). A Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB. The melody was composed by dancing master Nathaniel Kynaston (1683-1757). Although very little is known about him, Kynaston appears to have been active from 1705 to about 1722 in the Shropshire/Wales border area. Walsh published some 120 of Kynaston’s tunes and dances in London over several publications, this tune in his Twenty Four New Country Dances for the Year 1716, published again in his Second Book of the Compleat Country Dancing-Master (1719). The Selattyn parish register in Shropshire records that a “Nathanial Kynaston, gent., & Mrs. Elizabeth Davies, both of Oswestry” married on August 25th, 1719—although whether this was the dancing master is unknown. Kynaston appears to have been a not uncommon name in Shropshire, and the family includes Sir Humphrey Kynaston, a notorious 16th century highwayman and Robin Hood figure, who preyed on the wool merchants of Shrewsbury. John Young picked up “Queen of Hearts” as a long-ways dance (for as many as will) in his Dancing Master, second book, third edition (London, 1718), printed again in the fourth edition of that work (London, 1728).

Additional notes

Printed sources : - Barnes (English Country Dance Tunes, vol. 2), 2005; p. 104.

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