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RESTORATION MARCH. AKA and see "March in Scipio," "Queen Carolina, "Scipio's March." English, March (cut time). D Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB. A popular march composed by George Frideric Handel (1685-1759) for his opera Scipione  (1726) based upon the life of Roman General Scipio Africanus. It appears in numerous publications during the mid-late 18th century, beginning with Robert Bremner’s Collection of Airs and Marches (1761, p. 96). It was presumably heard often on the fife, judging from the number of publications for that instrument in which the tune appears: Longman’s Entire New and Compleat Instructions for the Fife (1780), T. Skillern’s Compleat Instructions for the Fife (1780), Clementi’s Entire New and Compleat Instructions for the Fife (1815), and Preston’s 'Marches, Airs and Minuets' (1804). It also appears in a several manuscript copybooks or the era, including those of George Bush (c. 1779-1789), Elizabeth Van Rensselaer (1782), and Henry Livingston, Jr.; George and Henry both fought in the American Revolution. Livingston purchased the estate of Locust Grove, Poughkeepsie, New York, in 1771 at the age of 23. In 1775 he was a Major in the 3rd New York Regiment, which participated in Montgomery’s invasion of Canada in a failed attempt to wrest Montreal from British control. An important land-owner in the Hudson Valley and a member of the powerful Livingston family, Henry was also a surveyor and real estate speculator, an illustrator and map-maker, and a Justice of the Peace for Dutchess County. He was also a musician and presumably a dancer, as he was elected a Manager for the New York Assembly’s dancing season of 1774-1775, along with his 3rd cousin, John Jay, later U.S. Chief Justice of Governor of New York.
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