Annotation:Richmond Cotillion (1)

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X:1 T:Redman's Reel T:Richmond Cotillion [1] M:2/4 L:1/8 R:Reel B:Ford - Traditional Music in America (1940, p. 116) Z:AK/Fiddler's Companion K:D Ad/e/ f/g/f/e/|dF A>A|cA/A/ cB/c/|BA/B/ A/G/F/G/| Ad/e/ f/g/f/e/|dF A>A |cA/A/ Bc|[Fd][F3d3]:| K:A |:[Ae]>f e/d/c/d/|[Ae]a c'2|c'b b/a/g/a/|ba a/g/f/e/| [Ae]>f e/d/c/d/|[Ae]a c'>c|c'b b/a/g/a/|ba [d2a2]:|]

RICHMOND COTILLION [1]. AKA and see "Corn Huskin' Sally," "Green Mountain Polka," "Hanging Around the Kitchen (Till the Cook Comes Home)," "Jackson's Breakdown," “Little Boss,” "Oh Aunt Jenny," "Oh Dear Mammy," "Old Richmond," "Pin a Rose on Me," "Plaza Polka," "Redman's Reel," "Reel de Richmond (Le)," "Richmond Polka," "Robert E. Lee Swing," "Rocky Road to Dublin (7)" (old-time version in 2/4), "Run them Coons in the Ground," "Sally there's a Bug on Me," “Stonewall Jackson (1),” "Wait in the Kitchen (Till the Cook Comes In)." Old-Time, New England; Breakdown or Reel. USA, western North Carolina. D Major ('A' part) & A Major ('B' part). Standard tuning (fiddle). AB (Silberberg): AABB (most versions): AABB’ (Songer). A story circulating in some areas has it that this tune acquired its name from being a mainstay at the debutantes’ ball called the Richmond Cotillion, though there seems to be little evidence to substantiate this. The title may have derived from “Richmond Polka” which is said to have been printed in the 1850's. It has been said by Kerry Blech and others that the tune’s original name was simply “Richmond” or “Richmond Polka” and that the ‘cotillion’ became appended by its appearance on some of the Gennett stencil labels of Da Costa Woltz’s 1920’s recording which read “Richmond” Cotillion. Blech and Gerry Milne take this to mean that the tune Richmond was a vehicle for the cotillion, an old dance form. Henry Ford’s dance orchestra recorded the tune for the dance Heel and Toe Polka, in a medley with “Jenny Lind (1),” under the title “Richmond Polka.”

Indiana and north Kentucky fiddlers have called the melody by the name “Stonewall Jackson (1),” by which title Ashland, Kentucky, fiddler Ed Haley knew it. Indiana fiddler Lotus Dickey had two versions in his repertoire, one of which he called “Little Bess” (a title perhaps imported from Arkansas, says Tyler) The tune played by Galax fiddler Emmett Lundy called “Richmond Cotillion” is misnamed, according to Blech, although Lundy’s descendants said he did play a tune that closely resembles the Ben Jarrell (the fiddler with Da Costa Woltz) commercial recording (made in 1927 in Richmond, Indiana). North Carolina banjo player and bandleader Charlie Poole recorded the tune in his 1930 session, in a medley after the tune “Honeysuckle (1)” (with Odell Smith on fiddle), although “Richmond Cotillion” does not appear on the track listing. Poole and his group also play “Richmond” at the beginning of their “Shootin’ Creek,” recorded in 1928 with fiddler Lonnie Austin. According to a Janet Kerr taped interview made with Austin (appearing as part of the Topic/Leader LP of Austin), “Richmond” (as well as “Flying Clouds”) was part of the standard repertoire around Spray, North Carolina, when Austin was growing up in the early 20th century. Austin himself learned the tunes from a prominent fiddler in the area by the name of Will Heffinger. The Blue Ridge Highballers (featuring Charley La Prade on fiddle) recorded a version of the tune in 1926 as "Green Mountain Polka."

Collector Bob Christeson included a version as an untitled 'breakdown' in his 1973 book Old Time Fiddler's Repertory vol. 1 (No. 98, p. 68), from the fiddling of Missouri musician Red Williams. Christeson noted that the was called "Rocky Road to Dublin (7)" by Missouri fiddler Cy Kines. The Montreal fiddle and guitar duo Joyeux Montréalais recorded the tune in 1934 as "Reel de Richmond (Le)." br>
See also the related tunes "Sally Put a Bug on Me," “Duck's Eyeball (1)," "West Virginia Special," "Rocky Mountain Goat," and Canadian fiddler Don Messer’s “Plaza Polka.” The similarly titled "Richmond (2)" is not related.

Additional notes
Source for notated version : - Tony Mates [Silberberg].

Printed sources : - Brody (Fiddler’s Fakebook), 1983; p. 229. Christeson (Old Time Fiddlers Repertory, vol. 1), 1973; p. 68 (listed as "Breakdown # 98"). Ford (Traditional Music in America), 1940; p. 116 (appears as "Redman's Reel"). Leftwich (Old-Time Fiddle, Round Peak Style), 2011; No. 57, p. 91. Phillips (Traditional American Fiddle Tunes, vol. 1), 1994; p. 198. Silberberg (Tunes I Learned at Tractor Tavern), 2002; p. 129. Songer (Portland Collection), 1997; p. 167. Spadaro (10 Cents a Dance), 1980; p. 39.

Recorded sources : - Biograph 6008, Delaware Water Gap - "Fox Hollow String Band Festival." Challenge 407-B, Frank Neal and His Boys (1927. A pseudonym for Da Costa Woltz's Southern Broadcasters). County 524, "Da Costa Woltz's Southern Broadcasters: 1927 Recordings." Document Records DODC 8023, "Da Costa Woltz's Southern Broadcasters." Folkways Records FR 2325, Mike Seegar - "Old Time Country Music" (1962). Gennett Records 6220 (78 RPM), Da Costa Woltz's Southern Broadcasters (1927). Mountain 310, Tommy Jarrell - "Joke on the Puppy" (1976. Learned from his father). John Engle, John Herrmann, Meredith McIntosh - "Chicken Train" (2012).

See also listing at :
Jane Keefer’s Folk Music Index: An Index to Recorded Sources [1]
Hear Da Costa Woltz's 1927 recording on [2]
See Kenneth Rainey's standard notation transcription of Da Costa Woltz's recording [3]

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