Ridotto al Fresco
X:1 T:Ridotto al Fresco M:2/4 L:1/8 B:Thompson’s Compleat Collection of 200 Favourite Country Dances, vol. 3 (London, 1773) Z:Transcribed and edited by Fynn Titford-Mock, 2007 Z:abc’s:AK/Fiddler’s Companion K:D f|e/g/e/c/ df|e/g/e/c/ dA|BABc|d/c/d/e/ df|e/g/e/c/ dA|BABc|d3:| |:g|f/a/f/d/ f/a/f/d/|f/a/g/b/ eg|f/a/f/d/ f/a/f/d/|e/a/e/c/ Ag| f/a/f/d/ f/a/f/d/|f/a/g/b/ eg|f/a/f/d/ e/g/e/c/|d3:||
RIDOTTO AL FRESCO. AKA and see "Aldridge's Allemand," "Don Fisco," "Unity." English, Country Dance Tune (2/4 time). D Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB. The melody was published by Charles and Samuel Thompson in their Compleat Collection, vol. 3 (London, 1773). It was also entered into the 1790 manuscript commonplace book of fiddler George White (Cherry Valley, N.Y.).
According to Sir John Hawkins in his General History of Music (1776), the term Ridotto al Fresco refers to the name of an event in the early history of Vauxhall, then known as Spring Garden:
- About the year 1730, Mr. Jonathan Tyers became the occupier of [a house], and, there being
a large garden belonging to it, planted with a great number of stately trees, and laid out in shady walks, it obtained the name of Spring Gardens; and the house being converted into a tavern, or place of entertainment, was much frequented by the votaries of pleasure. Mr. Tyers opened it with an advertisement of a Ridotto al Fresco, a term which the people of this country had till that time been strangers to. These entertainments were repeated in the course of the summer, and numbers resorted to partake of them. This encouraged the proprietor to make his garden a place of musical entertainment, for every evening during the summer season. To this end he was at great expense in decorating the gardens with paintings; he engaged a band of excellent musicians; he issued silver tickets at one guinea each for admission, and receiving great encouragement, he set up an organ in the orchestra, and, in a conspicuous part of the garden, erected a fine statue of Mr. Handel.
Playwright Theophilus Cibber (1703-1758) used the term in the title of his "grotesque pantomime entertainment" The Harlot's Progress; or, The Ridotto al'fresco, performed in 1737 by His Majesty's Company of comedians at the Theatre-Royal in Drury-Lane.