X:1 T:Rogers O'Neill M:C| L:1/8 R:Hornpipe S:O’Neill – Dance Music of Ireland: 1001 Gems (1907), No. 862 Z:AK/Fiddler’s Companion K:A cB|AGAB AEFG|Ac (3efg a2 (3efg|aecA dfgf|(3efe (3dcB eaec| AGAB AEFG|Ac (3efg a2 (3efg|aecA dBGB|A2A2A2:| |:(3efg|aece fdBG|AcEc AcEc|BdEd BdEd|ceAe ceAe| aece fdBG|AcEc BABc|dfed cBAG|A2A2A2:| |:cB|AGAB cEGB|cABc eAce|fdge afdf|(3efe (3dcB AGFG| AGAB cEAc|BABc defg|agaf edcB|A2A2A2:| |:cd|efec ABcA|BEGB AGAB|cAce dcBA|GABG Edcd| efec ABcA|BABc defg|agaf edcB|A2A2A2:|]
ROGERS O'NEILL (Rauidri Ua Niall). Irish, Hornpipe. A Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABBCCDD. "Rogers O'Neill" was composed by elderly Chicago fiddler Edward Cronin, originally from Limerick Junction, County Tipperary, in honor of the oldest of collector and compiler Captain Francis O’Neill’s sons, who while still young showed promise as a fiddler and college student. Tragically, Rogers died in 1904 at the age of 18 from spinal meningitis. See also “Lament for Rogers O'Neill.”
The first strain of "Rogers O'Neill" is similar to that of "Scotch Hornpipe (A)" in George H. Coes' Coes Album of Jigs and Reels (1876) which later appeared in Elias Howe's Musician's Omnibus parts 6 & 7 (c. 1880) as "Temple Hornpipe." It is possible Cronin had some familiarity with the melody from either collection and adapted it to his purposes. Cronin's subsequent strains are not similar.