Annotation:Sally get Your Hoecake done

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X:1 T:Jenny get Your Hoe Cake Done C:Joel Walker Sweeney (1813-1860) M:C L:1/8 R:Blackface Minstrel song B:Firth & Hall (New York), 1840 K:G P:Verse D2|D2D2 F2A2|c2c2c2 (AB)|c2A2A2F2|G2A2 B2B2| c2A2A2F2|G2A2B2B2|c c A2A2 F2|D2D2 F2 F2| G G G G A2F2|D2E2F2A2|G G G G A2F2|D4 z4|| P:Instrumental break BAGG A2F2|D2F2 [F2A2] [F2A2c2]|Bd cA [B,2G2][A,2F2][G,4G4]z4||

SALLY GET YOUR HOECAKE DONE. AKA - "Jenny/Jinny get Your Hoe Cake done." American, Air (whole time). G Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). One part. The title "Sally get Your Hoecake done" appears in a list of traditional Ozarks Mountains fiddle tunes compiled by musicologist/folklorist Vance Randolph, published in 1954. A play-party song called "Jinny get Your Hoe Cake done" was collected by John and Bess Lomax from the singing of Mike Stephens in Dallas, Texas, in 1940, and recorded for the Library of Congress (AFS 03946). The play-party song is a derivative of a blackface minstrel song by banjoist and minstrel performer Joel Walker Sweeney, first published on a songsheet published in New York in 1840. It was one of his signature songs. The first two stanzas go:

De hen and chickens went to roost,
De hawk flew down and hit de goose
He hit de ole hen in de back
I really believe dam am a fac,
Oh, Jenny get de hoe cake done my dear,
Oh, Jenny get de hoe cake done.

As I was gwain lond de road,
Past a stump dar wad a toad.
De tadpole winked at Pollewog's daughter,
And kick'd de bull frog plump in de water.
Oh, Jenny get de hoe cake done my dear,
Oh, Jenny get de hoe cake done, love!

A hoecake, or Johnny-cake, was made of corn meal, water and salt cooked in a greased (usually with fat back) skillet. It was a quick and filling, if somewhat bland, foodstuff, but had the advantage of being extremely portable and could be prepared and cooked virtually anywhere with the rudest of utensils. The hoecake was a staple food of the 18th and 19th century traveler. It is traditionally held that 'hoecakes' were so-called because they actually at one time were cooked on hoes. The implements used in cotton fields were large and flat, and when the handle was removed and the hoe washed it made an excellent skillet. Cotton field workers would prepare hoecakes for the noon meal.

Additional notes

Source for notated version: -

Printed sources : - Joel Walker Sweeney (), 1840.

Recorded sources: - Palmetto Productions, 2nd South Carolina String Band - "Southern Soldier" (1996).

See also listing at:
See/hear Sweeney's song performed by banjoist Timothy Twiss [1] and on gourd banjo by Mark Weems on [2]

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