Annotation:Scotsman over the Border

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X:2 T:Scots came o'er the Borders, The M:6/8 L:1/8 R:Jig S:Colclough – Tutor for the Irish Union Pipes (c. 1830) Z:AK/Fiddler’s Companion K:D D3 F2A | dfe e2A | BcB B2 (g/b/) | baf fed | DED F2A | dd/e/f/e/ d2A |{B/c/}d2B AFA | D2F FED :| |: (3A/B/c/ | dfa afa | baf fed | dfa bc'd' | def Te2d | dfa afa | baf fed | (B/c/d)B AFA | dAF FED :| P:"Variations" DFA DFA| dfe d2A | DGB DGB | def e2d | DFA DFA | dfe d2A | BdB AGA | D2F FED :| |: dfa dfa | baf fed | df/g/a/f/ | af/g/a/f/ | def e2d | dfa dfa | baf fed | dBB AGA |{B/c/}d2F FED :|

SCOTSMAN OVER THE BORDER. AKA and see "All the Blue Bonnets are over the Border," "Carraroe Jig (The)," "Charlie over the water," "Scotch come over the Border," "Blue Bonnets Jig," "Blue Bonnets over the Border (1)," "Ettrick and Teviotdale," "March March," "Scotchman over the Border," "Over the Border (3)." Also see "Mist on the Meadow," "Mist in the Glen." Irish, American; Jig (6/8 time). USA, southwestern Pa. D Major (most versions): D Major/Mixolydian (Taylor). Standard tuning (fiddle). AA’B (Feldman & O’Doherty): AABB (most versions): AA'BB' (Beisswenger): AABBCCDD (Kennedy). The tune is a form of the Scottish jig "Blue Bonnets over the Border (1)," itself a variant of the 3/4 time "O Dear Minnie/Mother (What Shall I Do?)" which in the 18th century was fashioned into a 4/4 dancing piece variously called "Braes of Auchtertyre (1) (The)," "Belles of Tipperary (1)," and "Beaus of Albany (1)." Both Stenhouse and Bayard, contradicting Gow, think that the "Braes of Auchtertyre" is derived from "O Dear Minnie." The melody is also similar to "Carraroe Jig (The)." The jig appears in the mid-19th century music manuscript collections of County Cork cleric and uilleann piper Canon James Goodman as "Charlie over the water" and in O’Neill’s Music of Ireland (1903) as “Blue Bonnets Jig.”

The tune was recorded in New York on a 78 RPM disc by Paddy Killoran (1904-1965) in October, 1934 (paired with “Tenpenny Bit”). Killoran, a native of Emlagation, near Ballymote, County Sligo, emigrated to New York in 1922, settled in the Bronx, recorded, played and owned a bar. Due to Killoran's influential recording, the tune is sometimes associated with County Sligo repertory.

Additional notes
Source for notated version : - fiddler Peter Turbit [Feldman & O’Doherty]; concertina player Noel Hill and fiddler Tony Linnane [Taylor/Tweed]; William Shape (elderly fiddler from Greene County, Pa. 1944) [Bayard]; fiddler Jimmy Murphy (b. 1938, Meelick, near Swinford, County Sligo) [Flaherty]; Connie O'Connell (County Cork) [Beisswenger].

Printed sources : - Bayard (Dance to the Fiddle), 1981; No. 583, p. 515. Beisswenger (Irish Fiddle Music from Counties Cork and Kerry), 2012; p. 118. Colclough (Tutor for the Irish Union Pipes), c. 1830; p. 19. Feldman & O’Doherty (The Northern Fiddler), 1978; p. 233 (appears as first “Untitled Jig” on page). Flaherty (Trip to Sligo), 1990; p. 44. Kennedy (Traditional Dance Music of Britain and Ireland: Jigs & Quicksteps, Trips & Humours), 1997; No. 143, p. 35 (appears as “Over the Border”). Mallinson (100 Essential), 1995; No. 89, p. 38. McGuire & Keegan (Irish Tunes by the 100), 1975; p. 1. O'Neill (Music of Ireland: 1850 Melodies), 1903; No. 1064, p. 200 (appears as "Blue Bonnets Jig"). Prior (Fionn Seisiún 3), 2007; p. 23. Taylor (Through the Half-door), 1992; No. 57, p. 40 (appears as "Scotsman Over the Border"). Taylor (Traditional Irish Music: Karen Tweed’s Irish Choice), 1994; p. 7.

Recorded sources : - Coleman Center CD CC004, Jim Murphy, James Murray, Kevin Brehony – “The Mountain Road” (1999. Various artists. “A Compilation of tunes popular in South Sligo”). Decca Records 12005B(78 RPM), Paddy Killoran (1934). Green Linnet SIF 1015, Eugene O'Donnell - "Slow Airs and Set Dances" (1978). Green Linnet SIF 3018 – “Molloy/Peoples/Brady” (1978. In a set with “Killavil Jig”). Rounder CD 1087, Paddy Killoran – “From Galway to Dublin” (1992. Reissue of 1934 original). Smithsonian Folkways SFW CD 40481, Brian Conway – “First Through the Gate” (2002). Tara 2006, "Noel Hill & Tony Linnane" (1978). Shaskeen - "Atlantic Breeze."

See also listing at :
Alan Snyder’s Cape Breton Fiddle Recording Index [1]
Jane Keefer’s Folk Music Index: An Index to Recorded Sources [2]
Alan Ng’s [3]
Hear Paddy Killoran's 1934 recording at ITMA [4] and [5]

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