Annotation:Spaniard (1) (The)

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X: 1 T:Spaniard [1]. (p)1651.PLFD1.095, The M:6/4 L:1/4 Q:3/4=80 S:Playford, Dancing Master,1st Ed.,1651. O:England;London N:Originally barred in 4/4. H:1651. 1/4 Z:Chris Partington. F: K:D fdd dc/d/A|ddc/d/ e2A|fdf fe/f/d|fgf/g/ a3| |eee cB/c/A|fe/f/d g2a|bag a>gf/e/|fed/e/ d3:|

SPANIARD [1], THE. AKA - "Spanyard (The)." English, Country Dance Tune (6/8 time). G Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB. "The Spaniard (1)" was first published with directions for a country dance by London publisher John Playford in the first edition of his The English Dancing Master (1651).

The melody was known in the Netherlands as “Bockxvoetge” (Goat-foot), a reference to the pipe-playing god Pan. The title is from a text by Dutch poet Stribee, who published it in his book Chaos, set to the tune called “Mooren-dans” (Moor's Dance) or, in England, “The Spaniard” (Spanyard). As “Bockxvoetge”, the tune was published in the Netherlands in 1649 in a volume called Der Fluyten Lust-Hof (The Flute’s Garden of Delights) by Jacob van Eyck (c. 1590-1657), a recorder player, carillonneur of the Utrecht Dom Cathedral, and director of all the bells and clock-chimes of that city.

A minor-mode version of the tune, "The Minor Spaniard," was adapted by Jenny Beer (2000) for her dance of the same name (Barnes, vol. 2).

Additional notes

Printed sources : - Barnes (English Country Dance Tunes), 1986. Barnes (English Country Dance Tunes, vol. 2), 2005; p. 85 (“Minor Spaniard”). Karpeles & Schofield (A Selection of 100 English Folk Dance Airs), 1951; p. 25. Raven (English Country Dance Tunes), 1984; pp. 31 & 40.

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