Spaniard (2) (The)
X:1 T:Spaniard , The M:6/8 L:1/8 B:Charles & Samuel Thompson - Compleat Collection of 200 Favourite B:Country Dances, vol. 4 (1780, p. 55) Z:AK/Fiddler's Companion K:G G3D3 | B3 G3 | BAB c2A | B3G3 | d3c3 | B3 A3 | GGG A2F | G3 G3 :| |: b3 bag | a2f g2e | d3 dcB | c2A B2G | b3 bag | a2f g2e | d3 dcB | c2A G3 :|
The establishment’s greatest hour came during the anti-Catholic Gordon Riots in London (1780) in which the famous lawyer Lord Mansfield’s house in Bloomsbury Square was sacked and burned, the rioters then crying “To Ken Wood!” Ken Wood was another of Mansfield’s residences, right next to the Spaniard, and directly along the route of the mob. The Spaniard’s publican, thinking quickly and with cool nerves, invited the rioters to refresh themselves and threw open his house and cellars for their entertainment. Secretly, however, he dispatched a rider to summon the Horse Guards from their barracks. Ken Wood helped by setting up tubs of strong ale outside their premises, and by the time the small detachment of troops arrived the rioters were so disorganized they were compelled to flee.
The tune was printed (with directions for a country dance) that same year by London music publishers Charles and Samuel Thompson, and likely was inspired by the inn's role in the event.