Annotation:Wellington's Advance

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X:1 T:Wellington's Advance M:6/8 L:1/8 R:Jig S:O’Neill – Dance Music of Ireland: 1001 Gems (1907), No. 84 Z:AK/Fiddler’s Companion K:Amin G|EAA A^GA|cBA c2d|efe e^fg|dBG G^FG| EAA A^GA|cBA c2d|efe dcB|cAA A2:| |:(3e/f/g/|aee aee|aed cBA|BAB gfe|dBG G^FG| eaa a^ga|egg g^fg|efe dcB|cAA A2:|]

WELLINGTON'S ADVANCE (Ruatair/Ruatar Uellington). AKA - "Pilleadh Wellington." Irish, Double Jig (6/8 time). A Dorian. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB. The tune is commemorative of the Duke of Wellington, England's Napoleanic Wars hero. So popular was the Duke with the British that his image graced a number of taverns and inns named for him…although this did not guarantee patronage in and of itself, as the following story relates:

Arthur Wellesley (1769–1852), 1st Duke of Wellington, Prime Minister by Henry Perronet Briggs

The worthy Boniface of a small inn in the neighborhood of Liverpool, not less known by its sign of the ‘Gray Ass’ than by the virtues of its home-brewed ale, having taken it into his head that his symbol was scarcely commensurate with the dignity and importance of his establishment, resolved to change it the first fitting opportunity. The result of the battle of Waterloo, so exhilarating to all loyal Englishmen, afforded him an excellent excuse for carrying his intentions into effect. He accordingly imployed an intinerant artist to paint him a picture of the Duke of Wellington, which he substituted for the effigy of poor Neddy. In the meantime, a shrewd rival, who knew the value of a name, took a house immediately opposite mine host of the ‘Wellington,’ and adopted his discarded sign. The country people, who knew more of the character of the ‘Gray Ass’ than of the qualifications of the great captain of the age, all flocked to the inn designated by their favorite appellative, until at length the elder publican had little or no custom left. Finding that his friends were ebbing from him like a spring tide with a breeze from the shore, he bethought him of an expedient to put a stop to the desertion. The derneir resort was to attach to the portrait of his Grace of Wellington a supplemental panel, containing, in huge and legible characters, the following pity inscription: ‘This is the Original Gray Ass!’ It is scarcely necessary to add that the intimation had the desired effect. .... (Hawkwood, 1909)

O’Neill (Irish Folk Music, 1910, p. 92) identifies "Wellington's Advance" as an Ulster tune and says it was "unknown in the Southern provinces". The setting in his Music of Ireland (1903) is in three sharps, corrected in Dance Music of Ireland (1907) to one sharp.

The first strain is shared with "Biddy McGee (1)", which has American blackface minstrel associations.

Additional notes
Source for notated version : - biography:Rev. Luke Donnellan (1878-1952, Oriel region, south Ulster) music manuscript collection [O'Connor].

Printed sources : - O'Connor (The Rose in the Gap), 2018; No. 12, p. 133. O'Neill (O’Neill’s Irish Music), 1915; No. 144, p. 83. O'Neill (Music of Ireland: 1850 Melodies), 1903; No. 813, p. 151. O'Neill (Dance Music of Ireland: 1001 Gems), 1907; No. 84, p. 30.

Recorded sources : - Green Linnet GLCD 3090, Mairead Ni Mhaonaigh & Frankie Kennedy - "Ceol Aduaidh" (1983/1994. Appears as "Pilleadh Wellington," learned from Mairead's father who had it from his mother, Roise Ni Dhomhnaill, a concertina and melodeon player).

See also listing at :
Alan Ng's [1]
Jane Keefer's Folk Music Index: An Index to Recorded Sources [2]
Hear/see the tune played by Fidil on [3]

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