Wild Rose of the Mountain (1)

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WILD ROSE OF THE MOUNTAIN [1]. Old Time, Breakdown (irregular measures in both parts). USA, Kentucky. A Major/Mixolydian. Standard tuning (fiddle). AA’B (Silberberg): AABB (Brody, Phillips): AA'BB' (Reiner & Anick). "Wild Rose of the Mountain," popularized via the playing of Kentucky fiddler J.P. Fraley (1924–2011), is a moderately paced reel, played deliberately almost as a listening tune. The story attached to the tune, according to Reiner & Anick, says it was "written for a beautiful girl who strayed from one man to the next at local (Ky.) dances," although their source for this tale is unknown. There is some discrepancy about whether the G note in the next to last measure of the second strain should be sharp or natural. Similarities with Henry Reed’s “Kitchen Girl” are inescapable.

J.P. Fraley

Sources for notated versions: learned from June Rice and from fiddling blacksmith Bun Oney (who used to fiddle occasionally for the American Folk Song Festival) by J.P. Fraley, when the latter was in his late 20’s (Rush, Kentucky) [Phillips, Reiner& Anick, Silberberg]; Jay Ungar (New York) [Brody].

Printed sources: Brody (Fiddler's Fakebook), 1983; p. 292. Phillips (Traditional American Fiddle Tunes, vol. 2), 1995; p. 171. Reiner & Anick (Old Time Fiddling Across America), 1989; p. 99. Silberberg (Fiddle Tunes I Learned at the Tractor Tavern), 2002; p. 169.

Recorded sources: CCF2, Cape Cod Fiddlers – “Concert Collection II” (1999). Flying Fish FF247, "Fiddle Fever" (1981. Appears as part of "Daybreak in the Mountains"). Greenhays GR 710, John McCutcheon – "Fine Times at Our House" (1982. Learned from J.P. Fraley). June Appal 014, John McCutcheon – "The Wind That Shakes the Barley" (1977. Learned from J.P. Fraley). Philo 1023, Jay Ungar and Lyn Hardy – "Songs, Ballads, and Fiddle Tunes" (1975). Rounder 0037, J.P. and Annadeene Fraley – "Wild Rose of the Mountain" (1974). Rounder C 11565, J.P. Fraley – "Rounder Fiddle" (1990). Rounder Select 82161-0476-2, “The Wind That Shakes the Barley: Hammered Dulcimer Music” (reissues, orig. released 1977).

See also listing at:
Jane Keefer's Folk Music Index: An Index to Recorded Sources [1]
See/hear the tune played by Fraley & Aly Bain on youtube.com [2]




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