Winter Garden Jig
X:1 T:Winter Garden Jig M:2/4 L:1/8 S:Howe – 1000 Jigs and Reels (c. 1867) Z:AK/Fiddler’s Companion K:D D/F/A/A/ BA | BA BA | D/F/A/A/ BA | B/d/c/e/ d2 :| Fd cd | d2 AF | A>F D>A | B/A/B/c/ B2 ||
WINTER GARDEN JIG. American, Dance Tune (2/4 time). D Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABA. The tune is labelled a ‘jig’, meaning a kind of solo dance tune, not the 6/8 Irish jig. The ‘new’ Winter Garden theater on Broadway was originally built in 1911 and continues as a major venue to this day for popular stage productions. It was preceded, however, by another Winter Garden, also famous as a New York City theater in the mid-19th century. The older Winter Garden had been built as Tripler Hall, a concert auditorium in Greenwich Village, then a residential area that began to be urbanized with the as a result of the growth of the city in the 1840’s. Tripler Hall was destroyed in a fire in 1854, but was rebuilt and reopened under various names, until finally becoming the Winter Garden in 1859. It was at the Winter Garden that the famous Shakespearean actor Edwin Booth starred in Hamlet in the early 1860’s, giving an unprecedented 100 consecutive performances due to demand. He was again playing the Winter Garden in 1865 when his brother, John Wilkes Booth, shot and killed President Abraham Lincoln at Ford’s Theater in Washington, D.C. Edwin had to be escorted from his hotel to his dressing room in the theatre to protect him from the angry crowds that gathered. The old Winter Garden was destroyed in a fire in 1869 and was never rebuilt.