Drummond Castle (1)

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DRUMMOND CASTLE. AKA and see "Matthew Briggs." Scottish, Jig and Country Dance Tune (6/8 time). A Minor. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB (Anderson, Emmerson, Hunter, Kerr, Martin, Plain Brown): AABB' (Cranford). The melody, described as "old" in the Gow collection, appears in the Drummond Castle Manuscript, in the possession of the Earl of Ancaster at Drummond Castle. It is inscribed "A Collection of Country Dances written for use of his Grace the Duke of Perth by Dav. Young, 1734." Niel Gow published the tune in his Second Collection of 1788. Gow sets the tune in Oswald's giga form, used for Scottish solo jigs, which consists of a specific rhythmic pattern of quarter and eighth notes given by Emmerson (1971). The jig was published by Glasgow publisher James Aird, and appears in English printed and musicians' manuscript collections under the title "Matthew Briggs."

Nigel Gatherer finds similarities to the duple time "Cutting Ferns/Tha Mi Sgith."

Source for notated version: a c. 1847 music manuscript by Ellis Knowles, a musician from Radcliffe, Lancashire, England [Plain Brown Tune Book].

Printed sources: Anderson (Anderson's Budget of Strathspeys, Reels & Country Dances), c. 1820; p. 17. Cranford (Jerry Holland's), 1995; No. 206, p. 59. Davie (Davie’s Caledonian Repository), Aberdeen, 1829-30; p. 30. Doyle (Plain Brown Tune Book), 1997; p. 46. Emmerson (Rantin' Pipe and Tremblin' String), 1971; No. 79, p. 159. Hunter (Fiddle Music of Scotland), 1988; No. 280. Gow (Second Collection of Niel Gow's Reels), 1788; p. 8. Kerr (Merry Melodies, vol. 4), c. 1880's; No. 260, p. 28. Martin (Traditional Scottish Fiddling), 2002; p. 125. David Young (Drummond Castle/Duke of Perth Manuscript), 1734; No. 20.

Recorded sources: RC2000, George Wilson - "Royal Circus" (2000).

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